Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo Makes First Glide Flight

Article written: 10 Oct , 2010
Updated: 26 Apr , 2016
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Does this image look futuristic? Well, the future is here, as this is an actual image from October 10, 2010 (today!) Virgin Galactic’s future passenger ship made its first manned glide flight on Sunday. SpaceShipTwo’s unpowered flighted lasted about 11 minutes after the spacecraft was released from its White Knight Two mother ship, Eve, at 13,700 meters (45,000 feet) over the Mojave Desert. Scaled Composites test pilot Pete Siebold flew her down to the Mojave Spaceport, with with Mike Alsbury as co-pilot. “The VSS Enterprise was a real joy to fly,” said Siebold after landing, “especially when one considers the fact that the vehicle has been designed not only to be a Mach 3.5 spaceship capable of going into space but also one of the worlds highest altitude gliders.”

UPDATE: Virgin has now released a video of the flight, see below.

SpaceShipTwo will carry six people in addition to two pilots, providing those on board with a view of space and several minutes of weightlessness once space flights begin. Eventual operational flights of SpaceShipTwo will occur from Spaceport America in New Mexico. Latest word is that the first passenger flights could begin in 2011.

All the flight and all systems appeared to operate trouble free. After a clean release, Siebold completed initial flight handling and stall characteristic evaluation of SpaceShipTwo. After completing a practice approach and landing, Siebold made a smooth landing.

VSS Enterprise glides through the Mojave skies. Credit: Virgin Galactic, Mark Greenberg

“This was one of the most exciting days in the whole history of Virgin,” said Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Galactic. “For the first time since we seriously began the project in 2004, I watched the world’s first manned commercial spaceship landing on the runway at Mojave Air and Space Port and it was a great moment. Now, the sky is no longer the limit and we will begin the process of pushing beyond to the final frontier of space itself over the next year.”

“This is a critical milestone in Virgin Galactic’s test program and a great day for the commercial spaceflight industry,” added John Gedmark, Executive Director of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation. “At the end of the day, getting hardware off the ground is what it’s really all about. Today’s SpaceShipTwo test flight marks another key milestone towards opening the space frontier for private individuals, researchers, and explorers. Congratulations to the entire SpaceShipTwo team.”

SpaceShipTwo and WhiteKnightTwo are being developed for Virgin Galactic by Scaled Composites, who built SpaceShipOne, the first privately-built vehicle to fly a person into space, which won the $10 million Ansari X PRIZE.

Future passengers will be flown about 100km (62 miles) above the Earth and experience several minutes of weightlessness before returning to Spaceport America. Tickets cost $200,000 and deposits start from $20,000. Find more info about passenger flights at Virgin Galactic’s website

Sources: Virgin Galactic, Commercial Spaceflight Federation

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12 Responses

  1. Torbjorn Larsson OM says

    Ooh, shiny!

    Thanks again to UT speedy delivery, now I’m going to go dream of suborbital flight.

  2. yhtomitn64 says

    So technically could this go to the space station and back or no because it’s not designed for atmosphere reentry?

  3. Member
    IVAN3MAN_AT_LARGE says

    @YHTOMITN64,

    In order to reach the International Space Station, a space plane (or shuttle craft) will need to achieve the orbital velocity of the ISS, which is about 7.7 km/s; therefore, when descending, the spacecraft will have to re-enter the atmosphere at that velocity, utilizing its braking effect to slow down, which SpaceShipTwo is not designed for — it will burn up!

    So the answer is: No way, José.

  4. renoor says

    i always wondered if it is feasible to do atmospheric reentry in the aerobraking style – slowly gliding deeper and deeper into the outer layers of the atmosphere, something like riding along the Karman line. Maybe this would take few hours, or even days before you slow down enough to dive strainght in and not burn up, but I think that the reentry would be possible even with a spaceship like SS2. The question would remain how to accelerate to orbital speed at first, but that’s another story…
    do you think this kind of reentry is possible? and how long would it take, given acceptable material stress.

  5. Member
    IVAN3MAN_AT_LARGE says

    @RENOOR,

    Wikipedia has a very detailed article on Atmospheric reentry, and one section of the article deals with the concept of “Feathered reentry“, which utilizes a “shuttlecock effect” with the suborbital SpaceShipOne, but it’s not viable for return from orbit.

  6. Member
    Aqua says

    What a beautiful ship! Scaled Composites and Virgin Galactic will eventually build 5 of these ships, then perhaps more, depending on demand? An interesting side note is that there will be between 50-100 test flights prior to flying a paid passenger….AND Virgin Galactic will at first fly from their new spaceport in New Mexico but are looking into another spaceport to be located somewhere in England.

  7. Pepijn says

    Nice! It will get cheaper when other company’s arrive on the scene.
    Mr Branson what about an elevator to space or the moon.
    Keep it going , sky’s the limit!

  8. Olaf says

    @RENOOR, you need tons of fuel to slow down from 27.700 km/h down to about 3.000 km/h about Mach 3 if you do not use aero-breaking.

  9. Torbjorn Larsson OM says

    The number of test flights, many more than on SS1, should be because of the FAA license for passengers.

    On the difficulty to achieve orbit as opposed to suborbital super-Karman trajectories: I believe it takes ~ 5 times as much acceleration time (~ 10 minutes vs 2 minutes). I believe the acceleration is about the same, ~ 3g. So one order of magnitude difference.

    Another way of comparing is cost. ~ 0.2 MUSD for an SS2 ticket as opposed to ~ 20 MUSD (IIRC) for an ISS ticket. That is a 2 order of magnitude difference.

    Maybe the later doesn’t map well to fuel (infrastructure) needed, but at least these back-of-the-envelope indicators gives that it is 1-2 order of magnitude more difficult to reach orbit.

  10. Member
    Aqua says

    Actually…. mmm… once you’ve reached the upper atmosphere you pitch over to just below horizontal and fire another rocket. Diving back into the atmosphere SCRAM jet speeds are obtained. The rocket engine reshapes itself and converts into a scram jet engine which continues the acceleration curve to half orbital speeds. At the top of that trajectory the SCRAM jet reconverts back into a rocket and fires up once more….

  11. Olaf says

    A reverse scram-jet to break in the atmosphere, sounds nice, but you still need extensive fuel to burn. Also the G levels might exceed living safety levels in order to dip into the atmosphere in order to get enough air for the scram jet to operate.

  12. Uncle Fred says

    Aqua: it would also be nice if anyone could make a scram jet that didn’t become forever unusable after a couple minutes… The Scramject tech is very early in it’s infancy – if it ever becomes cost effective.

    This is very nice and the pictures indeed look futuristic!

    For me personally though, the cost and suborbital heights are a deal breaker. My sweet spot is $10 000 – 15 000, including 12 hours orbital and 1 spacewalk. Offer me this and I’ll sign up right away!

    Maybe in a few decades lol.

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