New Horizons Mission Practices Telescopic Imager on Pluto’s Twin

Article written: 3 Sep , 2010
Updated: 24 Dec , 2015
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This summer, the New Horizons spacecraft was awoken for its annual systems checkout, and took the opportunity to exercise the long range camera by snapping pictures of Neptune, which at the time, was 3.5 billion km (2.15 billion miles) away. The Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) snapped several photos of the gas giant, but Neptune was not alone! The moon Triton made a cameo appearance. And the New Horizons team said that since Triton is often called Pluto’s “twin” it was perfect target practice for imaging its ultimate target, Pluto.

This image gets us excited for 2015 when New Horizons will approach and make the closest flyby ever of Pluto.

“That we were able to see Triton so close to Neptune, which is approximately 100 times brighter, shows us that the camera is working exactly as designed,” said New Horizons Project Scientist Hal Weaver, of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. “This was a good test for LORRI.”

Weaver pointed out that the solar phase angle (the spacecraft-planet-Sun angle) was 34 degrees and the solar elongation angle (planet-spacecraft-Sun angle) was 95 degrees. Only New Horizons can observe Neptune at such large solar phase angles, which he says is key to studying the light-scattering properties of Neptune’s and Triton’s atmospheres.

“As New Horizons has traveled outward across the solar system, we’ve been using our imagers to make just such special-purpose studies of the giant planets and their moons because this is a small but completely unique contribution that New Horizons can make — because of our position out among the giant planets,” said New Horizons Principal Investigator Alan Stern.

Triton is slightly larger than Pluto, 2,700 kilometers (1,700 miles) in diameter compared to Pluto’s 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles). Both objects have atmospheres composed mostly of nitrogen gas with a surface pressure only 1/70,000th of Earth’s, and comparably cold surface temperatures approaching minus-400 degrees Fahrenheit. Triton is widely believed to have been a member of the Kuiper Belt (as Pluto still is) that was captured into orbit around Neptune, probably during a collision early in the solar system’s history.

Source: New Horizons

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4 Responses

  1. Member
    Aqua says

    Good news.. all systems are ‘GO!’ Thanks for the ‘wake up call’, Houston!

  2. SteveZodiac says

    It seems we can look forward to Cassini-quality images of Pluto but 5 years is a long wait.

  3. ageyer says

    Hello

    I don’t mean to be a party pooper but you don’t need to wait 5 long years(you could die waiting) to see Pluto and Charon..At http://www.spacenow.com.br/ we revealed Pluto and its giant mountain for over a year now.
    Besides Pluto all other main objects of the solar system are displayed,including those never seen before such as Kleopatra,Ceres,and much more.Keep up with the times ! The waiting is over for ANY object!

  4. Paul Eaton-Jones says

    Looking at the spacenow site I was fooled for just about one second. The mountain on Pluto could have come from a 2012 site. And the Photoshop tag gave it away too.

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