Weird Collection of Worlds in the Latest Cache of CoRoT Expoplanets

Article written: 14 Jun , 2010
Updated: 26 Apr , 2016
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The CoRoT (Convection, Rotation and Transits) spacecraft has been busy, and using this exoplanet-finding-machine astronomers recently found six new extrasolar planets, which contain an odd assortment of new worlds. They include shrunken-Saturns to bloated hot Jupiters, as well a rare brown dwarf with 60 times the mass of Jupiter. “Each of these planets is interesting in its own right, but what is really fascinating is how diverse they are,” said co-investigator Dr Suzanne Aigrain from Oxford University’s Department of Physics. “Planets are intrinsically complex objects, and we have much to learn about them yet.”

CoRoT is dedicated to looking for planets orbiting other stars, and finds them when they transit, or pass in front of their stars. CoRot now has found 15 of the total 461 exoplanets.

Once CoRoT detects a transit, additional observations are made from the ground, using a number of telescopes all over the world. Although astronomers cannot see the planets directly, they use the space- and ground-based data to measure the sizes, masses, and orbits of these new planets precisely. This is why, among all known exoplanets, those with transits yield the most complete information about planet formation and evolution.

‘Every discovery of an extrasolar planetary system is a new piece in the puzzle of how these systems do form and evolve. The more systems we uncover, the better we can hope to understand the processes at play,’ said Magali Deleuil, researcher at the Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille (LAM) and head of the CoRoT exoplanet program.

The six new planets are:

CoRoT-8b: the smallest in this batch: At about 70% of the size and mass of Saturn, CoRoT-8b is moderately small among the previously known transiting exoplanets. Its internal structure should be similar to that of ice giants, like Uranus and Neptune, in the Solar System. It is the smallest planet discovered by the CoRoT team so far after CoRoT-7b, the first transiting Super-Earth.

CoRoT-10b: the eccentric giant: The orbit of CoRoT-10b is so elongated that the planet passes both very close to and very far away from its star. The amount of radiation it receives from the star varies tenfold in intensity, and scientists estimate that its surface temperature may increase from 250 to 600°C, all in the space of 13 Earth-days (the length of the year on CoRoT-10b).

CoRoT-11b: the planet whose star does the twist: CoRoT-11, the host star of CoRoT-11b, rotates around its axis in 40 hours. For comparison, the Sun’s rotation period is 26 days. It is particularly difficult to confirm planets around rapidly rotating stars, so this detection is a significant achievement for the CoRoT team.

CoRoT-12b, 13b and 14b: a trio of giants: These three planets all orbit close to their host star but have very different properties. Although CoRoT-13b is smaller than Jupiter, it is twice as dense. This suggests the presence of a massive rocky core inside the planet. With a radius 50% large than Jupiter’s (or 16 times larger than the Earth’s), CoRoT-12b belongs to the family of `bloated hot Jupiters’, whose anomalously large sizes are due to the intense stellar radiation they receive. On the other hand, CoRoT-14b, which is even closer to its parent star, has a size similar to Jupiter’s. It is also massive, 7.5 times the mass of Jupiter, which may explain why it is less puffed up. Such very massive and very hot planets are rare, CoRoT-14b is only the second one discovered so far.

CoRoT-15b: the brown dwarf: CoRoT-15b’s mass is about 60 times that of Jupiter. This makes it incredibly dense, about 40 times more so than Jupiter. For that reason, it is classified as a brown dwarf, intermediate in nature between planets and stars. Brown dwarfs are much rarer than planets, which makes this discovery all the more exciting.

Source: Oxford University

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16 Responses

  1. Jorge says

    OK, I don’t get it. Shouldn’t there be a CoRoT-9b in there as well?

  2. 9b hasn’t been confirmed yet. But it is waiting in the wings! That’s why the picture on top says 7 present discoveries and the article only includes six.

  3. Sirius_Alpha says

    As for 9b, it was announced several months ago…
    (and is confirmed).

  4. I think Kepler is due to announce results of round 2 tomorrow, too. Still too short of a science run to confirm (or even detect) Earth-types, but it’s getting closer… 🙂

  5. Jorge says

    Ah. I see. It’s due to confirmation not following the order of detection. Of course.

    Something of the sort will probably also happen with Kepler planets.

  6. Sirius_Alpha says

    Here’s the URL for the Universe Today story covering it.
    http://www.universetoday.com/2010/03/18/finally-a-normal-exoplanet/

  7. Sirius_Alpha says

    Indeed, The HATnet group frequently goes out of order, lol. And the SuperWASP group isn’t doing much of an order at all.

  8. Sirius_Alpha says

    As for why it says seven…. they are colour coded. The blue ones are the previously announced planets (including CoRoT-9) and the yellow ones are the newly announced ones.

    It says seven because they are counting CoRoT-15 b.

  9. Olaf says

    Why do the aliens not help us that gets channelled through some psychic medium? They could give all the data so science can look these planets up easily. ROFL

  10. Sorry, my bad. You guys are right.

  11. Jon Hanford says

    @CrazyEddieBlogger:

    I’m not sure about a press release tomorrow from the Kepler team, but a preprint, “Five Kepler target stars that show multiple transiting exoplanet candidates” has been posted at arXiv.org: http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2763

    Haven’t had a chance to look at all of it, but “One system shows transits from three distinct objects….” sounded interesting.

  12. vagueofgodalming says

    According to the headline, they’re expoplanets. More Winnie-the-Pooh than Monty Python: the first mission to one will be an expotition.

  13. Torbjorn Larsson OM says

    Yup, even the data is transitory. Good it is exoplanets, not ex-planets.

    [Mr. Praline: (yelling and hitting the ‘scope repeatedly) ‘ELLO COROT!!!!! Testing! Testing! Testing! Testing! This is your nine o’clock alarm call!

    […]

    ‘E’s not orbitin’! ‘E’s passed on! This planet is no more! He has ceased to be! ‘E’s expired and gone to meet ‘is maker! ‘E’s a goner! Bereft of existence, ‘e rests in peace! If you hadn’t nailed ‘im to the database ‘e’d be pushing up the archive sides! ‘Is atmospheric processes are now ‘istory! ‘E’s off the map! ‘E’s kicked the bucket, ‘e’s been taken off the grid, run down the curtain and joined the bleedin’ planet spheres invisibile!! THIS IS AN EX-PLANET!!”]

  14. Jon Hanford says

    Torbjorn Larsson OM: LOL. How very Pythonesque 🙂

  15. Torbjorn Larsson OM says

    LOL, I missed that spelling bug exposition.

  16. Jon Hanford says

    Well, it does seem an announcement from the Kepler team is to be made today (June 15). A second paper posted on the arXiv site ( “Characteristics of Kepler Planetary Candidates Based on the First Data Set: The Majority are Found to be Neptune-Size and Smaller”: http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1006/1006.2799.pdf ) looks at over 300 targets! From the abstract:

    “In the spring of 2009 the Kepler Mission conducted high precision photometry on nearly 156,000 stars to detect the frequency and characteristics of small exoplanets. On 15 June 2010 the Kepler Mission released data on all but 400 of the ~156,000 planetary target stars to the public. At the time of this publication, 706 targets from this first data set have viable exoplanet candidates with sizes as small as that of the Earth to larger than that of Jupiter. Here we give the identity and characteristics of 306 of the 706 targets. The released targets include 5 candidate multi-planet systems [see my previous link above]. Data for the remaining 400 targets with planetary candidates will be released in February 2011. The Kepler results based on the candidates in the released list imply that most candidate planets have radii less than half that of Jupiter.”

    This paper is noted to “accompany Kepler’s June 15, 2010 data release”. Lots to go through here.

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