To organize all the stars in the Universe, Astronomers use a classification system that collects the stars into groups based on their color and the presence of various elements in the star’s outer atmosphere. So, here are the classifications: O, B, A, F, G, K, M (if you need to remember then, just keep this in mind: “Oh be a fine girl, kiss me”.) K stars are cooler than the Sun.
K stars start at about 3,500 Kelvin, and can get as hot as 5,000 Kelvin. This makes them look orange-red to our eyes. K stars can actually vary in size from main sequence stars with less mass than the Sun to red giants and supergiants with many times the mass of the Sun. It’s all because of the temperature. They have weak hydrogen lines and mostly neutral metals, like Manganese, Iron and Silicon. About 13% of stars in the stellar neighborhood are K stars.
Some familiar K stars include Alpha Centauri B, Epsilon Eridani, Arcturus, Aldebaran
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We have written many articles about stars here on Universe Today. Here’s an article about the closest known star with extrasolar planets, Epsilon Eridani.