Atlas V Roars to Space with Sophisticated New Missile Warning Surveillance Satellite

Article written: 8 May , 2011
Updated: 24 Dec , 2015
by

[/caption]CAPE CANAVERAL – An Atlas V rocket carrying a highly sophisticated Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) GEO-1 satellite for the United States Air Force lifted off from the seaside Space Launch Complex-41 at 2:10 p.m. EDT on Saturday (May 7) into a gorgeous clear blue sky following a one day delay due to cloudy weather conditions surrounding the Florida space coast on Friday.

SBIRS GEO-1 is the maiden satellite in a new constellation of next generation military space probes that will provide US military forces with an early warning of missile launches that could pose a threat to US national security.

Atlas V rocket roars to space with SBIRS GEO-1 satellite Pad 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on May 7, 2011.
Credit: Alan Walters/awaltersphoto.com

“Today, we launched the next generation missile warning capability. It’s taken a lot of hard work by the government-industry team and we couldn’t be more proud. We look forward to this satellite providing superb capabilities for many years to come,” said General Gen. William Shelton, Air Force Space Command commander in a statement.

The planned quartet of SBIRS satellites will deliver a quantum leap in infrared event detection and reporting compared to the current generation of orbiting Defense Support Program (DSP) satellites, according to Michael Friedman of Lockheed Martin in an interview with Universe Today at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

“The SBIRS GEO satellites will have both a scanning and starring sensor with faster revisit rates. They will be able to detect missile launches from the earliest stages of the boost phase and track the missiles to determine their trajectory and potential impact points,” said Friedman.

“SBIRS can see targets quicker and characterize the actual missile,’” explained Steve Tatum of Lockheed Martin at KSC.

In addition to providing improved and persistent missile warning capabilities in a global arena, SBIRS will simultaneously support missile defense, technical intelligence, battlespace awareness and defense of the US homeland.

“The 10,000 pound SBIRS GEO-1 satellite is the size of two Hummers. About 9000 people in 23 states were involved in constructing the satellite.”

“SBIRS GEO-2 will launch in the next year or two,” Friedman told me.

“GEO-2 is built and undergoing testing now,” added Tatum.

The $1.2 Billion SBIRS satellite was launched into a 22,000 mile high Geosynchronous orbit by the 189 foot tall Atlas V rocket. The Atlas rocket was in the 401 vehicle configuration with no solid rocket motors and includes a 4-meter diameter payload fairing.

The first stage was powered by the RD AMROSS RD-180 engine and the Centaur upper stage was powered by a single Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne RL-10A engine.

SBIRS GEO-1 satellite bolted atop Atlas V Centaur rocket at Space Launch Complex 41 prior to launch. SBIRS is housed inside a 4 meter diameter Payload Fairing. Credit: Ken Kremer

The Atlas V rocket was built and launched by United Launch Alliance (ULA). This marks the 50th successful launch for ULA since the company was formed in December 2006.

“With this launch, ULA continues to demonstrate its commitment to 100 percent mission success,” said Michael Gass, ULA President and CEO. “This milestone is a testament to the dedicated employees that for every mission deliver excellence, best value and continuous improvement to our customers.”

Read my Atlas V SBIRS preview story here:
Atlas Rocket Poised for Blast Off with Advanced Missile Early Warning Spy Satellite

SBIRS GEO-1 Launch Photo Album by the Universe Today team of Ken Kremer and Alan Walters:

Atlas V rocket and bird soar skywards at Florida Space Coast
Liftoff of Atlas V rocket with SBIRS GEO-1 satellite as an Egret flies into camera field of view on May 7, 2011 at 2:10 p.m. EDT. View from the Press Site at the Kennedy Space Center:
Credit: Ken Kremer -- kenkremer.com

Atlas V rocket soars off pad 41 with SBIRS GEO-1 satellite for the US Air Force as another bird flies into camera field of view on May 7, 2011 at 2:10 p.m. EDT. View from the Press Site at the Kennedy Space Center: Credit: Ken Kremer

Atlas V SBIRS GEO-1 launch from Cape Canaveral on May 7, 2011. Credit: Alan Walters/awaltersphoto.com

Atlas V SBIRS GEO-1 launch from Cape Canaveral on May 7, 2011. Credit: Alan Walters/awaltersphoto.com

Exhaust trail from Atlas V SBIRS GEO-1 launch on May 7, 2011. Credit: Ken Kremer

Ken Kremer with Atlas V rocket and SBIRS GEO-1 satellite at Launch Pad 41, prior to blast off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Credit: Ken Kremer

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13 Responses

  1. Eric E says

    Are we plotting another World War?

    • No, just insuring that someone else can’t fire the first shots of one, without our knowing right away…

      Or do you suggest we’d be better off blind?

      • Eric E says

        No, I suggest we all disarm.

      • renoor says

        …and then somebody will come long and beat us with stones (and I’m not american!)

      • Uncle Fred says

        Or mutually respect us for seeking friendly, honest relationships. Take Canada’s stance for example. They enjoy good/stable diplomatic relations with most nations and enjoy a tin-pot army.

      • Uncle Fred says

        Too much enjoying! Grr.. I wish UT had an edit function.

  2. Uncle Fred says

    No, just appeasing congressmen, big businesses, and military officials eager to pad their resumes. Of course large portions of the public value the few high tech jobs created in their constituencies, while the defense posturing makes them feel safe. It seems like every week the air force is launching something top secret.

    Of course, hijacking international space for US military operations is productive to international diplomatic efforts by facilitating mutual trust. Stabbing our friends and enemies in the back via spy satellites is the most prudent way to ensure better long term international relations.

    • Uncle Fred says

      Being sarcastic here and just generally frustrated at the lack of create solutions by a sort term rewarding political system.

      • “Of course, hijacking international space for US military operations…”

        Everyone’s military has used international waters and international airspace from day one. Nothing new here, nothing ‘hijacked’ here. (And no weapons here either, just passive observation. Orbital mechanics doesn’t care about borders…the US let the Soviets set that precedent first, to insure they couldn’t logically object to satellite ‘overflights’ later.)

        Indeed, the very notion of ‘hijacking space’ (and without qualifiers, ‘space’ is the entire Universe, except the first 100km around this one planet) strikes me as a bit absurd.

      • Feenixx says

        Just in case you missed it: there haven’t been any Soviets in almost exactly 20 years…
        😉

      • Bob Dole says

        Just in case /you/ missed it: when referencing events in past tense people often refer to countries and peoples as they were, not as they are. It’s less confusing that way ;).

  3. Silver Thread says

    I *wish* that we could spend a quarter as much money putting up satellites to look for NEO’s as we do putting up spy equipment. It just feels like we’re looking in the rear view mirror while speeding ahead at full throttle. A 1 KM bolide poses a threat that is easily on par with anything we’re going to see from some misguided dictatorship.

    I’m shouting into the void I suppose, but a meteor strike seems like a hell of a lot more threatening than some ideological lack wit with a shoe bomb.

  4. Moonshine says

    I beleave we are on the verge of a NEW cold war… Sad but true!
    The Dragon is wakng up and the Bear has decided that eatting bean sprouts doesn’t get it when he see’s a big flopping fish on the shore,that can’t seem to make it back into the water. The perfect world would be that everybody come together,give each other flowers and sing the song “WE are the World”.

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