SDO’s Crazy-Looking Sun Due to Syzygy

Article written: 1 Apr , 2011
Updated: 24 Dec , 2015
by

[/caption]

It looks like something is eating the Sun in recent pictures from the Solar Dynamics Observatory — and in recent SDO videos, the Sun suddenly disappears! What is going on? Could it be aliens, Planet X, or the Great Galactic Ghoul? Nope, just orbital mechanics and syzygy (an alignment of three celestial objects). At this time of year the Sun, Earth, and the SDO spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit line up, creating syzygencially spectacular Sun-Earth eclipses. The folks from SDO explain it this way:

“Twice a year, SDO enters an eclipse season where the spacecraft slips behind Earth for up to 72 minutes a day. Unlike the crisp shadow one sees on the sun during a lunar eclipse, Earth’s shadow has a variegated edge due to its atmosphere, which blocks the sun light to different degrees depending on its density. Also, light from brighter spots on the sun may make it through, which is why some solar features extend low into Earth’s shadow.”

This video shows how the alignment works:

Here’s a sped-up video of what SDO sees from space:

See more at SDO’s You Tube page, and the SDO website

,



1 Response

  1. Member
    IVAN3MAN_AT_LARGE says

    Referring to this quote by the folks at SDO: “Unlike the crisp shadow one sees on the sun during a lunar eclipse,…”

    Actually, and technically, that is called a solar eclipse (the Sun’s light is blocked) when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, not a lunar eclipse — which is when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon.

Leave a Reply