Thirty-Meter Telescope Headed for Mauna Kea

Article written: 21 Jul , 2009
Updated: 26 Apr , 2016


The Thirty Meter Telescope, which is vying to be the inaugural member of an emerging class of giant eyes in the sky, is headed for the Mauna Kea in Hawaii.

That means the other contending site, Cerro Armazones in Chile, is off the drawing board.

Richard Ellis, a TMT board member, said the choice was a tough one, but Mauna Kea had scientific advantages.

“Mauna Kea is a higher site. It is actually drier, and the average temperature fluctuates less from day to day and during the day to night cycle than the Chilean site,” he said, during a press conference this afternoon to announce the decision.  “Much of the astronomy will be at infrared wavelengths, where the dryness is an advantage.”

He added that the Hawaii boasts slightly better atmospheric qualities, including lower turbulence over the site.

When completed in 2018, the TMT will enable astronomers to detect and study light from the earliest stars and galaxies, analyze the formation of planets around nearby stars, and test many of the fundamental laws of physics. Based on the scientific model of the twin Keck telescopes, the core technology of TMT will be a 30-meter primary mirror composed of 492 segments.

The TMT project is an international partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and ACURA, an organization of Canadian universities. The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) joined TMT as a Collaborating Institution in 2008.

The TMT project has completed its $77 million design development phase with primary financial support of $50 million from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and $22 million from Canada. The project has now entered the early construction phase, with an additional $200 million pledge from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Caltech and the University of California each have agreed to raise matching funds of $50 million to bring the construction total to $300 million, and the Canadian partners propose to supply the enclosure, the telescope structure, and the first light adaptive optics.

The TMT faces competition from the Giant Magellan Telescope to usher in the age of the giants. See past Universe Today coverage of the race here.

Source: TMT site

9 Responses

  1. Savino says

    30 meters? for only 300mi???
    Geez, if I was Bill Gates I would buy 2 for me!

  2. ND says

    Bill Gates also probably said “A 5m mirror is enough for anybody!”

  3. IBD says

    Last spring I took my daughter to visit the Univ. of Calif.-Santa Cruz where she is considering going to study physics and astronomy. On a tour of the optics lab we were shown a meter-wide slab of pyrex and were told this was the first section of what would ultimately be the mirror for the TMT. At that time, it was unclear whether it was going to Hawaii or Chile. Exciting to see it starting to come together.

  4. Astrofiend says

    Apart from those factors mentioned above, it will be nice to have giants in both hemispheres – TMT in the North and GMT in the South.

    Damn it’ll be sweet to see the observations that these beasts throw up!

  5. tomkaten says

    Christ, ND, don’t do that. There was soda coming out of my nose 🙂

    Anyway, amazing ! A 30 meter mirror. I’d kill for a quick (long) look through that.

  6. Kaizad says

    “Much of the astronomy will be at infrared wavelengths, where the dryness is an advantage.”

    I thought infrared observations from Earth get interfered by all the haphazard infrared radiation around here.. isn’t that why they made such an effort to make sure Spitzer and Herschel are pretty far away?

    Or would this be in some different of infrared wavelength.

  7. SweeneyTodd says

    just immagine a telescope like this on the moon …

  8. Astrofiend says

    Kaizad Says:
    July 22nd, 2009 at 2:17 pm

    Yep – different wavelengths. Keck and other ground-based infrared telescopes observe at near-IR wavelengths, which can penetrate the atmosphere to a certain extent. Spitzer and Herchel and whatnot observe at far longer wavelengths, which cannot penetrate the atmosphere at all.

  9. Kaizad says

    Oh alright, thanks for the clarification.

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