Opportunity Finds Young Crater on Mars

Article written: 29 Apr , 2009
Updated: 24 Dec , 2015
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The two Mars Exploration Rovers have both seen their fair share of craters in their five years on Mars. Opportunity is currently booking it across Meridiani Planum on her way to Endeavour Crater, an ancient, huge hole in the ground (22 kilometers (13.7 miles across). But recently she came across the youngest crater either rover has ever seen. This crater is “young,” in relative terms; scientists say this small crater called “Resolution” formed sometime in the past 100,000 years. Most features studied by Opportunity are much older, including rocks over 3 billion years old. In contrast to these seniors, Resolution is just a baby.

Unlike a baby’s soft skin, a newborn crater starts out sharp, and only softens over time. As craters age, the “sandblasting” action of the Martian wind erodes rocks ejected during crater formation and fills its bowl with sand. Signs of this crater’s youth are fresh rocks on the crater rim and an empty bowl. The newer crater also drapes over older surrounding dunes. Finding youth pays off: scientists can compare Resolution to older craters to learn how fast wind changes the Martian surface over time.

Von Braun hill on Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL

Von Braun hill on Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL


In other rover news, Spirit has received a boost of power from a wind cleaning event. Rover driver Scott Maxwell shared via Twitter that Spirit’s current energy output is up to 371 watts/hour per sol. This is up from less than 250watts/hour in January. Maxwell said Spirit’s solar panels are the cleanest they’ve been in 550 sols. That’s good news, because Spirit needs all the energy she can get, with trying to battle some recent issues with memory problems.

The image above is Spirit’s current view, with a mound in the upper left called “Von Braun” that is the rover’s possible investigation site in future months. From the location where Spirit was when the image was taken, Von Braun is about 160 meters (525 feet) away.

Source: JPL


4 Responses

  1. Member

    That is absolutely stunning. I agree Jon, we need some close up pics of Resolution. As it is a comparatively new we might be able to get some good geology data of fairly recent rock exposure.

  2. Jon Hanford says

    Wow, that’s a great picture of a ‘young’ Martian crater. It does look freshly blasted, even though it may by up to 100,000 years old ! I wonder if they plan to venture any closer to Resolution?

  3. Astrofiend says

    Very nice indeed. But I can’t help feeling like it’s not fresh enough.

    Would it be too much to ask to have one drop fresh a few km away while these little rovers were active? I don’t ask for much, I know… Near Spirit preferably – it need something more interesting to do with it’s time.

  4. Geoff of Essex says

    @Astrofiend

    How close is close! Anything close enough to be interesting is likely to be too close for comfort!

    Mars must be somewhere between the Moon and Earth in terms of the effects of an incoming projectile (Meteorite, etc). I’d say 100,00 years prior is plenty close. Or are we into the splat your gone type events?

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