Zoom in on New, Stunning Image of the Carina Nebula

Article written: 12 Feb , 2009
Updated: 24 Dec , 2015
by

[/caption]
In today’s 365 Days of Astronomy podcast, two astronomers from the University of Minnesota discuss Eta Carina, a relatively close enigmatic star in the Carina Nebula. In a sense of great timing, new images also released today from the ESO (European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere) reveal amazing detail in the intricate structures of the Carina Nebula, one of the largest and brightest nebulae in the sky. In addition to the gorgeous picture above, enjoy a pan-able image and a video that zooms in on this nebula (also known as NGC 3372), where strong winds and powerful radiation from an armada of massive stars are creating havoc in the large cloud of dust and gas from which the stars were born.

The Carina Nebula is located about 7,500 light-years away in the constellation of the same name (Carina; the Keel). Spanning about 100 light-years, it is four times larger than the famous Orion Nebula and far brighter. It is an intensive star-forming region with dark lanes of cool dust splitting up the glowing nebula gas that surrounds its many clusters of stars.

The glow of the Carina Nebula comes mainly from hot hydrogen basking in the strong radiation of monster baby stars. The interaction between the hydrogen and the ultraviolet light results in its characteristic red and purple color. The immense nebula contains over a dozen stars with at least 50 to 100 times the mass of our Sun. Such stars have a very short lifespan, a few million years at most, the blink of an eye compared with the Sun’s expected lifetime of ten billion years.

One of the Universe’s most impressive stars, Eta Carinae, is found in the nebula. It is one of the most massive stars in our Milky Way, over 100 times the mass of the Sun and about four million times brighter, making it the most luminous star known. Eta Carinae is highly unstable, and prone to violent outbursts, “In the 1840’s it blew up, and for about ten years it was one of the brightest stars in the sky,” said Dr. Kris Davidson in today’s 365 Days of Astronomy Podcast, hosted by Michael Koppelman of Slacker Astronomy. “But it’s almost a thousand times farther away than the brightest star in the sky Sirius, which means the amount of light coming out was really prodigious. After awhile it faded, now we see a nebula blowing out, expanding around it. Clearly its the ejecta the from the star. We can now ‘weigh’ the ejecta, and it is about 10 times the mass of the sun. That’s just the ejecta, the material the star lost about 160 years ago‚Ķ. We have no right to have such a rare object that close!”

The large and beautiful image displays the full variety of this impressive skyscape, spattered with clusters of young stars, large nebulae of dust and gas, dust pillars, globules, and adorned by one of the Universe’s most impressive binary stars. It was produced by combining exposures through six different filters from the Wide Field Imager (WFI), attached to the 2.2 m ESO/MPG telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory, in Chile.

Source: ESO, 365 Days of Astronomy


3 Responses

  1. Salacious B. Crumb says

    Wow. Taken almost back by this article and the image. At least something to chew on that is southern hemisphere oriented for a change. The eta Carina nebula is more amazing as the region appears as an extensive faint luminous haze to the naked-eye, visible even slightly darkened urban skies.
    A telescopist can spend a few hours just peering at its expanse.
    Also, not mentioned here, are the many lovely open clusters intermingled in the gas cloud that are also an attraction.
    Such intermittent articles for us southerners, like this one, is greatly appreciated. Thanks Nancy!

  2. Val Parks says

    It still does not compare to the amazing Hubble image of the same area. What an amazing space telescope! I still have never seen anything to come close to the resolution achieved by Hubble from Earth based telescopes, It there an example?

  3. robbi says

    One of the advantages of ESOs’ telescope,= they are ground based and with advanced imaging technology, has the ability to cancel out the atmospheres’ blurring effect.
    I worry about the HST getting damaged or destroyed by space junk and the constant ‘pitting’ on the mirror by junk………
    Eta Carina is one of the many reasons I like to visit the Perth,Australia area for a month or 2 during their summer months-and will do it again this Dec-Jan2010-the southern skys are awesome! Whenever Eta Carina decides to finally say enougn is enough and collapses and then detonates, I’d feel sorry if there is any inhabited worlds within 100LY, but I doubt if there is any lifeforms closeby, too much ‘blasting’ going on too often nearby, lifeforms needs some silence from time to time lol . I still wonder what type and power Eta Carina will be when the collapse and explosion occurs-it’s total energy output- it should be quite a bit more than a ‘run-of-the-mill’ Supernova

Leave a Reply