Astronomers classify the stars out there into groups based on the color of the star and the presence of certain elements in the star’s atmosphere. The classifications are: O, B, A, F, G, K, M (just remember this handy mnemonic , “Oh be a fine girl, kiss me”.) F stars are still hotter than the Sun, appearing white to our eyes.
F stars have a surface temperature of 6,000 Kelvin to 7,200 Kelvin. You can also recognize an F star by the presence of Calcium in their spectral signature, as well as neutral metals like Iron and Chromium. F stars represent 3.1% of all stars.
Some familiar F stars include Arrakis, Canopus, Procyon.
We have written many articles about stars here on Universe Today. Here’s an article about some strange observations of Procyon.