Image of the X1.2 class solar flare from the Sun on January 7, 2014, as seen from the Solar Dynamics Observatory.

Monster Sunspot Erupts with an X-Class Flare

7 Jan , 2014 by

Solar astronomers have been keeping an eye on giant sunspot AR1944, and as it turned towards Earth today, the sunspot erupted with a powerful X1.2-class flare. NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center said the flare sparked a “strong radio blackout” today, and they have issued a 24 hour “moderate” magnetic storm watch indicating a coronal mass ejection (CME) associated with the flare may be heading towards Earth. A CME is a fast moving cloud of charged particles which can interact with Earth’s atmosphere to cause aurora, so observers in northern and southern latitudes should be on the lookout for aurora, possibly through January 10.

Here’s a video of the flare from the Solar Dynamics Observatory:

The SWPC forecasters said they are anticipating G2 (Moderate) Geomagnetic Storm conditions to occur on January 9, followed by G1 (Minor) levels January 10. NOAA estimates the CME headed towards Earth might produce a Kp number of 6.

The Earth-directed CME launched from AR1944 at 1832 UTC (1:32 p.m. EST) on January 7. Here’s an animation of the CME. Astronomers have said that this sunspot region remains “well-placed and energetic” so there could be subsequent activity.

A closeup look at sunspot AR1944 on January 6, 2013, comparing its size to Earth. Credit and copyright:  Ron Cottrell.

A closeup look at sunspot AR1944 on January 6, 2013, comparing its size to Earth. Credit and copyright: Ron Cottrell.

According to SpaceWeather.com, AR1944 has “an unstable ‘beta-gamma-delta’ magnetic field,” making it ripe for activity. Here’s a quick video of today’s X-class flare showing the coronal wave:

AR144 as seen on January 7, 2014. At the bottom are size comparisons to Earth and Jupiter. Credit and copyright: Giuseppe Petricca.

AR144 as seen on January 7, 2014. At the bottom are size comparisons to Earth and Jupiter. Credit and copyright: Giuseppe Petricca.

The Solar Dynamics Observatory has a “self-updating” webpage showing the latest views of the Sun in various wavelengths.

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MarkGoldes
Member
January 8, 2014 1:51 AM

See DIRE WARNINGS under MORE at http://www.aesopinstitute.org to understand how surprisingly dangerous such solar storms can be to life on earth.

Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:22 AM
Mark Goldes’ latest adventure in flimflam is to declare that a “FUEL-FREE TURBINE invented by a Russian scientist runs on atmospheric pressure.” But when we read the patent application, we find that actually the turbine does NOT run on atmospheric pressure – it requires compressed air. This is clearly indicated even in the article by Kondrashov posted by Goldes on his flimflam website. Kondrashov says: “To create a sample of such an engine, you can use ready-made devices, such as a load-bearing element – a low-power turbine module turboshaft turbine engine, and to compress the air… any type of compressor…” Kondrashov filed his patent application in 2003. No patent was awarded. Mark Goldes assures us in his note… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:28 AM
The Second Law of Thermodynamics rules out strictly ambient heat engines. Expecting an ambient heat engine to do any work, with only one heat reservoir, is exactly equivalent to expecting a teapot to boil water by absorbing heat from a block of ice. Both processes are ruled out by the very same law – the Second Law of Thermodynamics. “It is impossible for any device operating on a cycle to produce net work from a single temperature reservoir; the production of net work requires flow of heat from a higher temperature reservoir to a colder reservoir.” In a strictly ambient heat engine there are not two heat reservoirs at different temperatures; no reservoir would be available at any… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:33 AM
Max Planck, in his “Treatise On Thermodynamics,” explains how the Second Law of Thermodynamics “may be deduced from a single simple law of experience about which there is no doubt.” Here is the “single simple law of experience” he proposes: “It is impossible to construct an engine which will work in a complete cycle, and produce no effect except the raising of a weight and the cooling of a heat-reservoir.” This “law of experience” is very similar to a principle suggested by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin): “It is impossible, by means of inanimate material agency, to derive mechanical effect from any portion of matter by cooling it below the temperature of the coldest of the surrounding objects.” The… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:33 AM
The Kelvin-Planck formulation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics may be stated as follows: “No cyclic process driven simply by heat can accomplish the absorption of the heat from a reservoir and the conversion of such heat into work – without any other result (such as a transfer of heat to a cooler reservoir).” Now, as you will see, the Clausius formulation of the Second Law may be stated with fewer words: “No process is possible whose sole result is the transfer of heat from a cooler to a hotter body.” In fact, we can show that the Kelvin-Planck formulation may be deduced from that of Clausius. In the words of Enrico Fermi: “Suppose that Kelvin’s postulate were… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:34 AM
Mark Goldes’ proofless claims regarding his make-believe strictly ambient heat engine do not represent any new technology, or even a new pretense – they merely represent a rather old pretense. “Before the establishment of the Second Law, many people who were interested in inventing a perpetual motion machine had tried to circumvent the restrictions of First Law of Thermodynamics by extracting the massive internal energy of the environment as the power of the machine. Such a machine is called a “perpetual motion machine of the second kind”. The second law declared the impossibility of such machines.” “A perpetual motion machine of the second kind is a machine which spontaneously converts thermal energy into mechanical work. When the thermal… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:35 AM
In Mark Goldes’ patent application for his ludicrous “POWERGENIE” horn-powered tuning-rod engine, he described the tuning-rod as “an energy transfer and multiplier element.” But of course, for the tuning-rod to “multiply” energy, it would need to disprove the law of conservation of energy. Goldes’ use of the term “energy multiplier element” reflected his pretense that the “revolutionary breakthrough” of the amazing “POWERGENIE” could disprove the law of conservation of energy, by presenting the world with a working “energy multiplier.” Goldes even claimed in 2008 that the POWERGENIE had been demonstrated already in an electric car, driven 4800 miles by his energy-multiplying horn-powered tuning-rod. But it seems that most people, for some reason, had difficulty accepting the notion that… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:38 AM
Let’s look at another example of Mark Goldes’ wonderful offerings in “revolutionary new technology:” The amazing “POWERGENIE!” One of the most laughable of Mark Goldes’ many pseudotypes is his “POWERGENIE” horn-powered generator. The brilliant idea of this revolutionary breakthrough is to blow a horn at a magnetized tuning rod, designed to resonate at the frequency of the horn, and then collect the electromotive energy produced by the vibrations of the rod. We’re not making this up. POWERGENIE tuning rod engine explained – from the patent: [The device incorporates] “an energy transfer and multiplier element being constructed of a ferromagnetic substance… having a natural resonance, due to a physical structure whose dimensions are directly proportional to the wavelength of… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:39 AM
Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” has engaged for many years in the very dishonest and unscrupulous practice of soliciting loans and donations under an endless series of false pretenses, that it is developing and even “prototyping” various “revolutionary breakthroughs,” such as “NO FUEL ENGINES” that run on ambient heat alone – or run on “Virtual Photon Flux” – or on “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbitals” – or even on the acoustic energy of sound from a horn. Aesop Institute’s make-believe strictly ambient heat engine is ruled out by the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This has been understood by physicists for at least 180 years. There is no “new science” that has ever determined such an engine to be possible. Aesop Institute’s… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:40 AM
Mark Goldes, starting in the mid-seventies, engaged for several years in the pretense that his company SunWind Ltd was developing a nearly production-ready, road-worthy, wind-powered “windmobile,” based on the windmobile invented by James Amick; and that therefore SunWind would be a wonderful investment opportunity. After SunWind “dried up” in 1983, Goldes embarked on the long-running pretense that his company Room Temperature Superconductors Inc was developing room-temperature superconductors; and that therefore Room Temperature Superconductors Inc would be a wonderful investment opportunity. He continues the pretense that the company developed something useful, even to this day. And then Goldes embarked on the pretense that his company Magnetic Power Inc was developing “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on “Virtual Photon Flux;” and… Read more »
Kelfin Planck
Guest
Kelfin Planck
January 8, 2014 9:55 AM
Mark Goldes, starting in the mid-seventies, engaged for several years in the pretense that his company SunWind Ltd was developing a nearly production-ready, road-worthy, wind-powered “windmobile,” based on the windmobile invented by James Amick; and that therefore SunWind would be a wonderful investment opportunity. After SunWind “dried up” in 1983, Goldes embarked on the long-running pretense that his company Room Temperature Superconductors Inc was developing room-temperature superconductors; and that therefore Room Temperature Superconductors Inc would be a wonderful investment opportunity. He continues the pretense that the company developed something useful, even to this day. And then Goldes embarked on the pretense that his company Magnetic Power Inc was developing “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on “Virtual Photon Flux;” and… Read more »
IVAN3MAN_AT_LARGE
Member
IVAN3MAN_AT_LARGE
January 8, 2014 12:38 PM

Off-topic comments will be terminated!

disbeliver
Guest
disbeliver
January 8, 2014 3:30 PM

Holy Schnikees!

windship
Guest
windship
January 9, 2014 6:02 AM

Better get my tinfoil hat on!

Juan De La Cruz Díaz
Guest
Juan De La Cruz Díaz
January 9, 2014 6:41 AM

There is an app for protect your family and home against the big solar storm!

This is the link: https://itunes.apple.com/app/solar-alert-lite-safety-system/id530994246?mt=8

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