Categories: CometsGemini

Comet NEOWISE Was Spiraling and Spinning as it Passed by Earth

Earlier this week, we shared an image of Comet NEOWISE (C/2020 F3) taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. And now, here are a group of images from the 8.1-metre Gemini North telescope in Hawaii. Like Hubble, Gemini North focused in on the comet’s nucleus and coma, instead of its stunning, gossamer tails. But Gemini zoomed in and caught something Hubble didn’t: Comet NEOWISE was rotating, which created a spiraling stream of molecular gas.

The close-up observations, led by Michal Drahus and Piotr Guzik of Jagiellonian University in Krakow, who were looking to try and see and study the rotational dynamics of the comet. Despite limitations imposed by the comet’s proximity to the Sun, the researchers were able to confirm a 7.5-hour rotation period by measuring the spiral outflow of molecular gas as NEOWISE spun about.

The rotation of Comet NEOWISE is revealed in eight images captured over one-and-a-half hours on 1 August by the Gemini North telescope using the Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph. In the compressed time-lapse sequence below, the images are looped nine times. Image: International Gemini Observatory/NOIRLab/NSF/AURA/M. Drahus/P. Guzik

Here’s a timelapse video created by all the images taken by the team at Gemini North:

The prevailing notion is that most comets “release gasses in geyser-like jets and that is what researchers think is happening in the Gemini images,” the National Science Foundation’s NOIRLab said in a description. NOIRLab is US national center for ground-based, nighttime optical and infrared astronomy. “As the vaporized material erupts from the comet its rotation causes it to appear to spiral outward, much like the water from a spinning garden hose. The very same material impacts the comet’s rotation causing its nucleus to spin-up or spin-down, though for most comets, the effect is too weak to detect.”

In another set of impressive ground-based observations, an amateur astrophotographer from Germany, Bernd Gährken, was also able to capture some of the rotation as well.

Spiral rotation of Comet NEOWISE (C/2020 F3) as seen on July 26, with a with an 80cm f/10 Cassegrain at the Bavarian Public Observatory in Munich, Germany. On the right,Gährken has highlighted the spirals in the comet’s rotation. Credit and copyright: Bernd Gährken.

Gährken was able to see the details of the spiral rotation, and he created a gif animation:

An animation of Comet NEOWISE (C2020 F3) was created from 4 pictures, approximately 6 minutes apart, each (total time lapsed is 25 minutes) from July 29, 2020. Images taken with an 80cm f/10 Cassegrain at the Bavarian Public Observatory in Munich, Germany. Credit and copyright: Bernd Gährken.

You can see more of his Comet NEOWISE images at his website.

Astronomers will certainly be studying Comet NEOWISE’s fascinating pass by our planet for quite some time!

Hat tip to Daniel Fischer (cosmos4u) on Twitter

Nancy Atkinson

Nancy has been with Universe Today since 2004, and has published over 6,000 articles on space exploration, astronomy, science and technology. She is the author of two books: "Eight Years to the Moon: the History of the Apollo Missions," (2019) which shares the stories of 60 engineers and scientists who worked behind the scenes to make landing on the Moon possible; and "Incredible Stories from Space: A Behind-the-Scenes Look at the Missions Changing Our View of the Cosmos" (2016) tells the stories of those who work on NASA's robotic missions to explore the Solar System and beyond. Follow Nancy on Twitter at https://twitter.com/Nancy_A and and Instagram at and https://www.instagram.com/nancyatkinson_ut/

Recent Posts

Massive Stars Have the Power to Shape Solar Systems

Stars shape their solar systems. It's true of ours, and it's true of others. But…

6 hours ago

Grabbing Samples from the Surface of Mars

As if the Mars Perseverance Rover and Ingenuity Drone were not exciting enough then the…

7 hours ago

Astronomers Can See the Impact Site Where an Asteroid Crashed Into a White Dwarf

When a star like the Sun reaches the end of its life, it becomes a…

7 hours ago

Curiosity Rover is Climbing Through Dramatic Striped Terrain on Mars

Just about every day we here on Earth get a breathtaking picture of Mars's terrain…

1 day ago

A Giant Gamma-Ray Bubble is a Source of Extreme Cosmic Rays

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are one of the most powerful phenomena in the Universe and something…

1 day ago

New Study Addresses how Lunar Missions will Kick up Moondust.

Before the end of this decade, NASA plans to return astronauts to the Moon for…

3 days ago