Titan’s Majestic Mirror-Like Lakes Will Come Under Cassini’s Scrutiny This Week

Article written: 20 Oct , 2014
Updated: 23 Dec , 2015

There’s a very early-stage NASA concept to take a submarine and dive into a lake of Titan, that moon of Saturn that has chemistry that could prove to be a similar precursor to what eventually formed life on Earth. The moon has weather and a hydrological system and an atmosphere, making it an exciting location for astrobiologists.

Luckily for scientists, the Cassini spacecraft beams back regular updates on what it sees at Titan. And this week comes yet another opportunity, as the machine whizzes by the moon to look for “mirror-like surface echoes” in a lake-filled region in Titan’s northern sector.

Principal among the targets will be Kraken Mare, a liquid hydrocarbon sea that is about five times the size of Lake Superior in North America. It’s an astounding 154,000 square miles (400,000 square kilometers). On this pass, Cassini is going to sail over the eastern area of the sea.

“Measurements of the absolute strength of the echo and its polarization properties, when detectable, yield important information about the surface status (liquid/solid), surface reflectivity, surface dielectric constant and implied composition, and surface roughness,” Cassini’s website says in a description of the T-106 flyby, which will take place Thursday (Oct. 23).

Saturn's moon Titan with Tethys hovering in the background. Image taken by the Cassini spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

Saturn’s moon Titan with Tethys hovering in the background. Image taken by the Cassini spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

This is the second-to-last flyby Cassini will have of Titan in 2014, with the last one coming Dec. 10. In that case, the focus will be learning more about Titan’s atmosphere to learn more about measurement differences obtained by instruments on Cassini.

This past week, meanwhile, Titan has been busy looking at Saturn. It examined a northern aurora, looked at the planet’s F ring, and also searched for small satellites.

Scientists have been working at Saturn for the past 10 years with the Cassini mission, which is now entering a new phase as Saturn enters northern summer. This is expected to produce more changes on Titan, such as winds picking up, as more sunlight strikes the surface and atmosphere.

3 Responses

  1. Member
    Aqua4U says

    The Cassini mission continues to provide amazing views and data from Saturn and it’s strange moons. WOWie! For ten exciting years! I’m still holding out/awaiting data that shows Saturn making ice today from the solar wind and local O2. Hmmm…

  2. Denver says

    “Mirror like”

    In radio frequency (RADAR), yes? A lake of mostly pure ethane would be nearly transparent in the visible spectrum, would it not?

  3. hannodb says

    “This past week, meanwhile, Titan?? has been busy looking at Saturn.”

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