star formation

The Making of the Pillars of Creation

by David Dickinson June 26, 2014

Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter It’s one of the most iconic images of the modern Space Age. In 1995, the Hubble Space Telescope team released an image of towering columns of gas and dust that contained newborn stars in the midst of formation. Dubbed the “Pillars […]

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Powerful Starbursts in Dwarf Galaxies Helped Shape the Early Universe, a New Study Suggests

by Shannon Hall June 19, 2014

Massive galaxies in the early Universe formed stars at a much faster clip than they do today — creating the equivalent of a thousand new suns per year. This rate reached its peak 3 billion years after the Big Bang, and by 6 billion years, galaxies had created most of their stars. New observations from […]

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Early Supermassive Black Holes First Formed as Twins

by Jason Major November 6, 2013

It’s one of the puzzles of cosmology and stellar evolution: how did supermassive black holes get so… well, supermassive… in the early Universe, when seemingly not enough time had yet passed for them to accumulate their mass through steady accretion processes alone? It takes a while to eat up a billion solar masses’ worth of matter, […]

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The Great Galactic Turn-Off

by Tammy Plotner August 1, 2013

Are you ready for a new galactic puzzle? Then let’s start with some clues. It has been long assumed that some galaxies reach a point in their evolution when star formation stops. In the distant past, these saturated galaxies appeared smaller than those formed more recently. This is what baffles astronomers. Why do some galaxies […]

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Jets Boost — Not Hinder — Star Formation in Early Galaxies, New Study Suggests

by Shannon Hall July 12, 2013

Understanding the formation of stars and galaxies early in the Universe’s history continues to be somewhat of an enigma, and a new study may have turned our current understanding on its head. A recent survey used archival data from four different telescopes to analyze hundreds of galaxies. The results provided overwhelming evidence that radio jets […]

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