Foam Test Breaks Shuttle Panel as Expected

Article written: 9 Jun , 2003
Updated: 23 Mar , 2012
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As predicted earlier in the week by Columbia accident investigators when a chunk of foam was fired at an actual space shuttle wing, it caused visible and significant damage. The foam was fired from a special pressurized gun at 234 metres per second, and when it struck the wing, it created a 7.5 centimetre crack in the carbon-fiber wing, and damaged several important T-seals. The test wing had actually been flown on space for 30 missions, so the experiment provided useful evidence to support the theory that foam damaged Columbia’s wing so that the shuttle couldn’t survive re-entry.

An initial foam impact test on a section of an orbiter reinforced carbon-carbon left-wing leading edge showed visible and significant damage on RCC panel 6 and the T-seal between RCC panels 6 and 7, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board reported today.

The foam-strike was part of a series of tests the CAIB is conducting at Southwest Research Institute to determine how a foam strike of the kind observed on Columbia’s launch might damage the RCC panels, T-seals, or their support structure. The tests were designed to bracket the observed impact region and conditions.

In today’s outdoor test, investigators fired a large block of foam from a pressurized nitrogen gun aimed at the lower side of left-wing RCC panel 6. The foam struck the panel directly on target and created a three-inch crack extending from a visible three-quarter inch damage area on the outside of the RCC to the RCC rib inside the wing. Later examination revealed that the T-seal between panels 6 and 7 was cracked as well. The strike also caused a shift in the position of RCC panel 6 and the T-seals on either side of that panel, and chipped a carrier panel on the upper side of the wing.

RCC panel 6 was an actual panel that flew 30 missions on Discovery, another Orbiter.

Foam details:

Weight: 1.68 lbs.
Dimensions: 21 3/8 inches x 11 9/16 inches x 5 5/8 inches
Volume: 1,390 cubic inches
Speed: 768 feet per second
Angle of incident: 20 degrees

The CAIB has not reached any final conclusions and has not determined the cause of the loss of the shuttle and crew. The board’s final report will be issued later this summer.

Original Source: CAIB News Release


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