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The Return of the Rings!

Now that Cassini has gone off on a new trajectory taking it above and below the equatorial plane of Saturn, we’re back to getting some fantastic views of the rings — the likes of which haven’t been seen in over two and a half years!

The image above shows portions of the thin, ropy F ring and the outer A ring, which is split by the 202-mile (325-km) -wide Encke gap. The shepherd moon Pan can be seen cruising along in the gap along with several thin ringlets. Near the A ring’s outer edge is a narrower space called the Keeler gap — this is the home of the smaller shepherd moon Daphnis, which isn’t visible here (but is one of my personal favorites!)

The scalloped pattern on the inner edge of the Encke gap downstream from Pan and a spiral pattern moving inwards from that edge are created by the 12.5-mile-wide (20-km-wide) moon’s gravitational influence.

Other features that have returned for an encore performance are the so-called propellers, spiral sprays of icy ring material created by tiny micro-moons within the rings. Individually too small to discern (less than half a mile in diameter) these propeller moons kick up large clumps of reflective ring particles with their gravity as they travel through the rings, revealing their positions.

The three images above show a propeller within the A ring. Nicknamed “Sikorsky” after Russian-American aviator Igor Sikorsky, the entire structure is about 30 miles (50 km) across and is one of the more well-studied propellers.

Scientists are eager to understand the interactions of propellers in Saturn’s rings as they may hold a key to the evolution of similar systems, such as solar systems forming from disks of matter.

See a video of a propeller orbiting within the rings here, and here’s an image of one that’s large enough to cast a shadow!

“One of the main contributing factors to the enormous success we on the Cassini mission have enjoyed in the exploration of Saturn is the capability to view the planet and the bodies around it from a variety of directions,” Cassini Imaging Team Leader Carolyn Porco wrote earlier today. “Setting the spacecraft high into orbit above Saturn’s equator provides us direct views of the equatorial and middle latitudes on the planet and its moons, while guiding it to high inclination above the equator plane affords the opportunity to view the polar regions of these bodies and be treated to vertigo-inducing shots of the planet’s glorious rings.”

As always, keep up with the latest Cassini news on the mission site here, and read more about these images on the CICLOPS imaging team page here.

Image credits: NASA / JPL / Space Science Institute.

 

About 

A graphic designer in Rhode Island, Jason writes about space exploration on his blog Lights In The Dark, Discovery News, and, of course, here on Universe Today. Ad astra!

Comments on this entry are closed.

  • Steve- Construction Contractor July 10, 2012, 5:53 AM

    Wow – It’s almost hard to believe that these are real photos. What if Earth had rings…

    • Martin_Lambert July 10, 2012, 1:00 PM

      Well we got radiation belts with antimatter at least… ;)

      But I wonder, how many of ring particles land on planet they orbit? That is, how much would it increase number of meteor impacts? As rings are temporary structures I guess all of them have to either land or form another body in orbit .

      Besides offering an incredible view from Earth those rings would be fuel depots and space hotels waiting for us in space, probably we would be space faring civilization far sooner then now. Oh and of course space race would be about who gets there first and threatens other nations with ring particles bombardment… so probably we would get to space sooner but then our civilization might not survive that long (gotta have faith in humanity, eh?) ;)

    • Jason Major July 10, 2012, 3:58 PM

      What if Earth had rings? This –> http://wp.me/pru7J-mX

      • Lorin Ionita July 11, 2012, 2:40 AM

        Crap. I want those rings now. The images in the video are purely amazing.

  • newSteveZodiac July 10, 2012, 1:02 PM

    Saturn has got to be the number one tourist destination in the solar system.

  • Dav_Daddy July 11, 2012, 12:50 AM

    Wait a few years if we keep depositing junk into orbit the way we have been there should be a nice ring right at the altitude needed for geo synchronous orbit.

  • Dampe July 11, 2012, 11:00 AM

    I wan’t some rings. Can’t someone blow up the moon already! Russia? USA? C’mon, you know you can both do it!

  • Sarv-NASA Incorporated July 11, 2012, 3:39 PM

    We must send few Jesus LizardShips to Planet Saturn….. the bugs from saturn are a pain for everyone…..

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