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Bright New Nova In Delphinus — You can See it Tonight With Binoculars

The new possible nova is located in Delphinus alongside the familiar Summer Triangle outlined by Deneb, Vega and Altair. This may shows the sky looking high in the south for mid-northern latitudes around 10 p.m. local time in mid-August. The new object is ideally placed for viewing. Stellarium

The possible new nova is located in Delphinus alongside the familiar Summer Triangle outlined by Deneb, Vega and Altair. This may shows the sky looking high in the south for mid-northern latitudes around 10 p.m. local time in mid-August. The new object is ideally placed for viewing. Stellarium

Looking around for something new to see in your binoculars or telescope tonight? How about an object whose name literally means “new”. Japanese amateur astronomer Koichi Itagaki of Yamagata discovered an apparent nova or “new star” in the constellation Delphinus the Dolphin just today, August 14. He used a small 7-inch (.18-m) reflecting telescope and CCD camera to nab it. Let’s hope its mouthful of a temporary designation, PNVJ20233073+2046041, is soon changed to Nova Delphini 2013!

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This map shows Delphinus and Sagitta, both of which are near the bright star Altair at the bottom of the Summer Triangle. You can star hop from the Delphinus "diamond" to the star 29 Vulpecula and from there to the nova or center your binoculars between Eta Sagittae and 29 Vul. Stellarium

This map shows Delphinus and Sagitta, both of which are near the bright star Altair at the bottom of the Summer Triangle. You can star hop from the top of Delphinus to the star 29 Vulpeculae and from there to the nova.  Or you can point your binoculars midway between Eta Sagittae and 29 Vul. The “5.7 star” is magnitude 5.7. Stellarium

Several hours later it was confirmed as a new object shining at magnitude 6.8 just under the naked eye limit. This is bright especially considering that nothing was visible at the location down to a dim 13th magnitude only a day before discovery. How bright it will get is hard to know yet, but variable star observer Patrick Schmeer of Germany got his eyes on it this evening and estimated the new object at magnitude 6.0. That not only puts it within easy reach of all binoculars but right at the naked eye limit for observers under dark skies. Wow! Since it appears to have been discovered on day one of the outburst, my hunch is that it will brighten even further.

I opened up the view a little more here and made a reverse "black stars on white" for clarity. Stars are shown to 9th magnitude. Magnitudes shown for 4 stars near the nova. The nova's precise position is RA 20 h 23' 31", Dec. +20 deg. 46'. Created with Chris Marriott's SkyMap

Here’s a reverse “black stars on white” map some observers prefer for greater clarity. Stars are shown to 9th magnitude. Tycho visual magnitudes shown for 4 stars near the nova. The nova’s precise position is RA 20 h 23′ 31″, Dec. +20 deg. 46′. Created with Chris Marriott’s SkyMap

The only way to know is to go out for a look. I’ve prepared a couple charts you can use to help you find and follow our new guest. The charts show stars down to about 9th magnitude, the limit for 50mm binoculars under dark skies. The numbers on the chart are magnitudes (with decimals omitted, thus 80 = 8.0 magnitude) so you can approximate its brightness and follow the ups and downs of the star’s behavior in the coming nights.

Despite the name, a nova is not truly new but an explosion on a star otherwise too faint for anyone to have noticed.  A nova occurs in a close binary star system, where a small but extremely dense and massive (for its size) white dwarf  grabs hydrogen gas from its closely orbiting companion. After swirling about in a disk around the dwarf, it’s funneled down to the star’s 150,000 degree F surface where gravity compacts and heats the gas until it detonates like a bazillion thermonuclear bombs. Suddenly, a faint star that wasn’t on anyone’s radar vaults a dozen magnitudes to become a standout “new star”.

Model of a nova in the making. A white dwarf star pulls matter from its bloated red giant companion into a whirling disk. Material funnels to the surface where it later explodes. Credit: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss

Model of a nova in the making. A white dwarf star pulls matter from its bloated red giant companion into a whirling disk. Material funnels to the surface where it later explodes. Credit: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss

Novae can rise in brightness from 7 to 16 magnitudes, the equivalent of 50,000 to 100,000 times brighter than the sun, in just a few days. Meanwhile the gas they expel in the blast travels away from the binary at up to 2,000 miles per second. This one big boom! Unlike a supernova explosion, the star survives, perhaps to “go nova” again someday.

Closer view yet showing a circle with a field of view of about 2 degrees. Stellarium

Closer view yet of the apparent nova showing a circle with a field of view of about 2 degrees. Stellarium

I’ll update with links to other charts in the coming day or two, so check back.

See info on the Remanzacco Observatory website about their followup images of the nova.

About 

I'm a long-time amateur astronomer and member of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO). My observing passions include everything from auroras to Z Cam stars. Every day the universe offers up something both beautiful and thought-provoking. I also write a daily astronomy blog called Astro Bob.

Comments on this entry are closed.

  • Ole Jørgen Nordhagen August 14, 2013, 10:38 PM

    Located! Awesome!! You could have lifted the top border a bit on the maps above, to highlight the H-like structure of the group of stars just to the east (left) of the Nova. This is easy to find just going straight up from the “back” of the Dolphin. The Nova makes the right bottom star of a perfect triangel with the central star to the right of the H-structure, and an equal ca 6 Mag star north-west (over and to the right) and above the Nova. Just used a simple 10×42 binoculars on a tripod in the backyard. Thanks!

    • Bob King August 14, 2013, 7:15 PM

      Thanks Ole. I was trying to juggle size on the Web while still relating it to Delphinus. I agree though. I plan to re-work the charts sometime later this evening.

  • backman August 14, 2013, 8:54 PM

    Bright New Nova In Delphinus from !04 San Marcello

    http://b09-backman.blogspot.com/2013/08/nova-nel-delfino.html

  • Ari Rosenbach August 14, 2013, 9:59 PM

    Just saw it with 10×50 binoculars. Cool! I started in delphinus from delta to alpha until I got to the “C” shaped group of stars (the “69” star forms the tip of the C). From there it’s easy to identify with the 2 degree field image above. Both it and the “57” star have dimmer stars immediately to their upper right approximately the same distance away.

    • Ari Rosenbach August 15, 2013, 9:22 PM

      Definitely brighter tonight

  • Mark S Deprest August 15, 2013, 8:22 AM

    I looks real close to the Blue Flash Nebula (NGC6905) but every finder chart fails to show the planetary nebula …

  • CMinsky August 15, 2013, 5:07 PM

    What’s the distance of this nova?

  • Aqua4U August 16, 2013, 12:47 AM

    Dang.. been a busy, busy Bee lately and haven’t been checking in! Today’s the 15th…… Hmm. Updates appreciated. DEFINITELY something worth taking the scope out to see! 5:50 pm an quite light here.. BBL

    • Aqua4U August 17, 2013, 12:57 AM

      Had dinner.. it got dark… I assembled my gear and went outside… to see a thick marine layer/cloud bank. Put the equipment back. Looks clear so far tonight! Yesss!

  • docent August 16, 2013, 3:00 PM

    I caught it on camera last night. It’s very nice: http://www.astro-photo.nl/deepsky/nova-delphinus-2013

  • Juan Antonio Ernesto August 16, 2013, 12:45 PM

    Impressive.

  • Scott Nash August 16, 2013, 2:01 PM

    Does this mean it’s one of the “Standard Candle” novae? That we will be able to pinpoint it’s location in three dimensions?

  • Fioravante Patrone August 16, 2013, 8:51 PM

    Seen! In Genoa (Italy), with binoculars 8*30.
    Tnank you very much for the useful info anch charts!

  • R du August 16, 2013, 3:56 PM

    I estimated the magnitude tonight at ~4.8. Using 10X70 binoculars. Just a little fainter than zeta delphini. And despite outer London skies and half moon, I can just see it at the limits of my naked eye visibility, knowing exactly where to look.

  • DSTIEBS August 16, 2013, 9:40 PM

    When did this star go nova? I had seen a object grow very bright last August or September in the area of Delphinus and then fade out but it was to long for it to be a straight on meteor.

  • William August 17, 2013, 11:23 PM

    How often does a nova this bright occur?

  • Andrew Silverman August 17, 2013, 7:02 PM

    If you picture 69 and 64 as the top of a ram’s face triangle who only has one horn (to left on our charts–but would be right for the ram), then the nova is where the tip of the missing horn would be!

  • Fioravante Patrone August 18, 2013, 1:57 PM

    Yesterday I tried to get a photo (simply using a camera + tele), I choose three:
    http://www.scuderialabellaria.it/IMG_9768.JPG
    http://www.scuderialabellaria.it/IMG_9784.JPG
    http://www.scuderialabellaria.it/IMG_9793.JPG
    Very easy to identify it, it is really brilliant. Anyway, here is also my third photo to which I added a couple of yellow arrows pointing at it:
    http://www.scuderialabellaria.it/IMG_9793_frecce.JPG

  • Faye Brown August 18, 2013, 6:51 PM

    It’s said that the Model seen in this article .. is of a nova star in the making, as a white dwarf star is seen pilling matter from its bloated red giant companion into a whirling disk, as cosmic material is funneled to the surface which later explodes .. Yet in celestial knowing I consider this event to be the inhaling process of a giant white-light lunar sphere’s fueling itself, for the process of quantum leap jump .. when after a specific acceleration mark is reached, quantum leap of the Giant White Lunar Sphere is accomplished … and in doing so, a very Bright White Light is produced which have been called and explosion, yet scripture refers to it as the Glory mark of God .. I consider this event to be a successful quantum leap jump in the establishment of an enclosed vast bubble of open atmosphere AKA Heaven AKA New Inner Dimensional World held in a state of hyperspace .. Yet scripture also says …“And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light” … and just as all that glitter is gold … all that glows isn’t of the Positive Light …

    • hpw August 19, 2013, 4:00 PM

      Your understanding of the article is almost as horrible as your understanding of Holy Writ! Shame on you.

    • Matthew Maiorelli August 19, 2013, 8:11 PM

      chill there faye this is science not church

  • Fioravante Patrone August 19, 2013, 12:31 PM

    Sorry. I see that the page loads my 4 images mentioned in a previous post. I don’t know why, I just wanted to post their URLs

  • Luis Morales August 20, 2013, 2:50 PM

    This could be calculated at 6500 light years

  • Angelika - http://intronex.pl August 20, 2013, 2:53 PM

    Awesome! I will find this new nova. Thanks!

  • Daniel Filho August 28, 2013, 5:03 PM

    It’s possible to see yet? I saw a very bright last night and I don’t remember if it’s a planet or not. Is’t possible to see the new nova with naked eyes?

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