Evidence of Dark Matter Interacting With Itself in El Gordo Merger

This image is from a computer simulation of the distribution of matter in the universe. Orange regions host galaxies; blue structures are gas and dark matter. We can map dark matter, but we don't know what it is. Image Credit: TNG Collaboration

The Standard Model of particle physics does a good job of explaining the interactions between matter’s basic building blocks. But it’s not perfect. It struggles to explain dark matter. Dark matter makes up most of the matter in the Universe, yet we don’t know what it is.

The Standard Model says that whatever dark matter is, it can’t interact with itself. New research may have turned that on its head.

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