The strange variable star V838 Monocerotis flared up nearly 5 years ago, and astronomers have been trying to figure out what’s going on ever since. As the light from the flare up propagates out from the star, it illuminates the surrounding cloud of dust. This light reflects off the dust, and we see this echo here on Earth. This latest photograph from the Hubble Space Telescope shows the changes that have happened over the last year. One interesting feature are the whorls and eddies in the dust, which could be caused by powerful magnetic fields.
These are the most recent NASA Hubble Space Telescope views of an unusual phenomenon in space called a light echo. Light from a star that erupted nearly five years ago continues propagating outward through a cloud of dust surrounding the star. The light reflects or “echoes” off the dust and then travels to Earth.
Because of the extra distance the scattered light travels, it reaches the Earth long after the light from the stellar outburst itself. Therefore, a light echo is an analog of a sound echo produced, for example, when sound from an Alpine yodeler echoes off of the surrounding mountainsides.
The echo comes from the unusual variable star V838 Monocerotis (V838 Mon), located 20,000 light-years away on the periphery of our Galaxy. In early 2002, V838 Mon increased in brightness temporarily to become 600,000 times brighter than our Sun. The reason for the eruption is still unclear.
Hubble has been observing the V838 Mon light echo since 2002. Each new observation of the light echo reveals a new and unique “thin-section” through the interstellar dust around the star. The new images of the light echo were taken with Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys in November 2005 (left) and September 2006 (right). Particularly noticeable in the images are numerous whorls and eddies in the interstellar dust, which are possibly produced by effects of magnetic fields.
Original Source: Hubble News Release