Blue Moon This Week

by Tammy Plotner on August 27, 2012

Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter

When you hear someone say “Once in a Blue Moon” you know what they mean. They’re usually talking about something rare, silly, and even absurd. After all, when was the last time you saw the Moon turn blue? Well, rare or not, we’re having one this week, and according to astronomer David Reneke writer and publicist for Australasian Science magazine, a Blue Moon is slated for the last day of this month, Friday, August 31.

It’s not at all clear where the term ‘Blue Moon’ comes from. According to modern folklore it dates back at least 400 years. A Blue Moon is the second Full Moon in a calendar month. “Usually months have only one Full Moon, but occasionally a second one sneaks in, David said. “Ancient cultures around the world considered the second Full Moon to be spiritually significant.”

Full Moons are separated by 29 days, while most months are 30 or 31 days long, so it is possible to fit two Full Moons in a single month. This happens every two and a half years, on average. By the way, February is the only month that can never have a Blue Moon by this definition. We had one Full Moon on August 2 this year and the second will be Friday night.

Does the Blue Moon actually turn blue? No. Physically colored Blue Moons are rare, and that’s where the phrase comes from, “Once in a Blue Moon”. There are occasions though when pollution in the Earth’s atmosphere can make the Moon appear to look blue in color. The extra dust scatters blue light. For example, the Moon appeared bluish green across the entire Earth for about 2 years after the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883.

There were also reports of a blue-green coloured Moon caused by Mt. St. Helens in 1980 and Mount Pinatubo in 1991. “So in a sneaky sort of way, it could be true,” Dave said with a grin. Look up at the night sky on August 31 and see for yourself. Everywhere in the world the full Moon rises in the east just as the Sun is setting in the west.

“Blue Moons don’t have any real significance scientifically but they’re fun to look at,” David said. “Anytime you can get people out to look at the real sky to me is a great plus, enjoy it while you can this Friday night and while you’re looking moonward, think of Neil Armstrong, OK?”

Story Contributed by Dave Reneke. Image Credit: John Chumack.

About 

Tammy is a professional astronomy author, President Emeritus of Warren Rupp Observatory and retired Astronomical League Executive Secretary. She’s received a vast number of astronomy achievement and observing awards, including the Great Lakes Astronomy Achievement Award, RG Wright Service Award and the first woman astronomer to achieve Comet Hunter's Gold Status.

caveman664 August 27, 2012 at 6:44 PM

I suspect that ancient cultures did not have a “blue moon” as defined by David Reneke since I would presume that in most ancient cultures, a month was determined by the cycles of the moon. Thus, each new moon is a new month. I have read elsewhere that the interpretation of the blue moon that this article sites, is in actuality a relatively modern interpretation of it and not the original. After all, once in a blue moon means something that is quite rare and every 2.5 years is not rare at all. Wikipedia, of course, has a few of those other interpretations — all of which seem more plausible. Besides, if the tradition is only 400 years old, that hardly makes the culture ancient. But that’s just my opinion.

David Dickinson August 28, 2012 at 1:50 AM

Interesting; this site tabulates out Blue & Black Moons through 2020, both by the “2 in one month” and “3rd in a season with 4″ convention;
http://astroguyz.com/2012/08/27/astro-event-whats-in-a-name-black-blue-moons-through-2020/

dwdeclare August 28, 2012 at 5:49 AM

the moon is blue because it’s sad at the passing of neil armstrong

Mortaza Hamzehzadeh August 28, 2012 at 3:20 PM

Will the Moon be blue this Friday everywhere in the world?

JonHanford August 28, 2012 at 12:12 PM

“A Blue Moon is the second Full Moon in a calendar month”

This is actually a fairly recent definition of a Blue Moon that dates back
to an article in the March 1946 issue of Sky & Telescope that
(mistakenly, as it turns out) refers to the second full moon in a month
as a “Blue Moon”. An interesting account of how this definition crept
into popular usage (with the help of StarDate’s Deborah Byrd) can be
found here:

http://www.skyandtelescope.com

More info on the history and various definitions of the term “Blue Moon” here:

http://www.skyandtelescope.com

Mike August 28, 2012 at 6:05 PM

This color Moon would actually look good :)

Adam Kendall August 28, 2012 at 11:55 PM

So the key to seeing more blue moons is… POLLUTION!

C’mon everyone, let’s go pollute!

Comments on this entry are closed.

Previous post:

Next post: