An Exoplanet’s Auroral Engine

by Jason Major on November 28, 2011

Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter


Located 880 light-years away, a massive gas giant called CoRoT-2b orbits its star at a mere 2 million miles – less than a tenth the distance of Mercury’s orbit from the Sun. At this cozy proximity the star, CoRoT-2a, continually assaults the hot, gassy exoplanet with high-powered stellar winds and magnetic storms, stripping it of millions of kilograms of mass every day… and undoubtedly creating global auroras that rival even the most energetic seen on Earth.

But CoRoT-2b isn’t merely a tragic player in this stormy stellar performance; the planet itself may also be part of the cause.

Auroras like the ones seen on October 24, 2011 as far south as Texas and Georgia might be commonplace all across CoRoT-2b. (Image from the all-sky AuroraMax camera in Yellowknife, Ontario.)

Almost 3 1/2 times the mass of Jupiter, CoRoT-2b (so named because it was discovered by the French Space Agency’s Convection, Rotation and planetary Transits space telescope, or CoRoT) orbits its star very rapidly, completing an orbit every 1.7 days. This in turn actually speeds up the rotation of the star itself thus generating even more magnetic activity, via a dynamo effect.

Caught up in this deadly dance, CoRoT-2b is losing mass at an estimated rate of 150 million billion kilograms of material every year! The planet would likely have a long comet-like tail of this stripped material trailing behind it.

Although this sounds like a lot, CoRoT-2b has enough mass to keep “spinning up” its star for thousands of billions of years.

Read more about CoRoT-2a and b here.

Video: Science@NASA

About 

A graphic designer in Rhode Island, Jason writes about space exploration on his blog Lights In The Dark, Discovery News, and, of course, here on Universe Today. Ad astra!

Jerry Jackson November 28, 2011 at 10:58 PM

Thousands of billions of years.. some times called trillions :P
But I think the star would have burned out by then haha.

squidgeny November 29, 2011 at 12:44 PM

Question: given the planet orbits so fast, would its comet-like tail (if any) be a huge, tightly-wound spiral? I imagine that looks pretty impressive.

Anonymous December 3, 2011 at 2:26 AM

I calculate the mass of this star ( CoRoT-2b), which is 7.1305186×10^35 gm and birth is 4.753×10^15 years. I published the book COMPLETE UNIFIED THEORY ( 1998).Regarding birth, energy, mass etc, any searching from particle to the universe, you can get answer.
nirmalgopa@gmail.com
Dated : 03-12-2011

Comments on this entry are closed.

Previous post:

Next post: