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NASA Robot and First Whole Sun Picture .. Coming on Super Bowl SUNday

The Sun from STEREO and Robonaut 2 holds a football at the Kennedy Space Center.
On Super SUNday Feb. 6, 2011, NASA will release humankinds first ever view of the entire Sun and NASA’s Robonaut 2 will make a first ever guest appearance on the NFL’s Super Bowl Pre game show
for Super Bowl XLV. Left: The Sun from STEREO taken by the SECCHI Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUVI) at the 304 Angstrom bandpass which is sensitive to the He II singly ionized state of helium, at a characteristic temperature of about 80 thousand degrees Kelvin. Credit: NASA.
Right: Robonaut 2 practicing football for the NFL Super Bowl XLV at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in front of the world famous Countdown Clock. Credit & Mosaic: Ken Kremer

What do NASA, Robots, the Sun and the NFL have in common ?

Well … its Super SUNday … for Super Bowl XLV on Feb. 6, 2011

The unlikely pairing of Football and Science face off head to head on Super Bowl SUNday. Millions of television viewers will see NASA’s Robonaut 2, or R2, share the the limelight with the Steelers and the Packers of the NFL. The twin brother of R2 is destined for the International Space Station (ISS) and will become the first humanoid robot in space. It will work side by side as an astronaut’s assistant aboard the space station.

The fearsome looking R2 is set to make a first ever special guest appearance during the FOX Networks Super Bowl pre-game show with FOX sports analyst Howie Long. The pre-game show will air starting at 2 p.m. EST on Feb. 6.

And there’s more.

The Sun from Stereo B. Credit: NASA

On Super SUNday Feb. 6, NASA will publish Humankinds first ever image of the ‘Entire Sun’ courtesy of NASA’s twin STEREO spacecraft. And given the stunningly cold and snowy weather in Dallas, the arrival of our Sun can’t come soon enough for the ice covered stadium and football fans. See photos above and below.

The two STEREO spacecraft will reach positions on opposite sides of the Sun on Sunday, Feb. 6 at about 7:30 p.m. in the evening, possibly coinciding with the Super Bowl half time show.

At opposition, the STEREO duo will observe the entire 360 degrees sphere of the Sun’s surface and atmosphere for the first time in the history of humankind.

The nearly identical twin brother of R2 is packed aboard Space Shuttle Discovery and awaiting an out of this world adventure from Launch Pad 39 A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. Blast off of the first humanoid robot is currently slated for Feb. 24.

R2 is the most dextrously advanced humanoid robot in the world and the culmination of five decades of wide-ranging robotics research at NASA and General Motors (GM).

This newest generation of Robonauts are an engineering marvel and can accomplish real work with exceptionally dexterous hands and an opposable thumb. R2 will contribute to the assembly, maintenance and scientific output of the ISS

“R2 is the most sophisticated robot in the world,” says Rob Ambrose, Chief of NASA’s Johnson Space Center’s (JSC) Robotics Division.

“We hope R2 should help to motivate kids to study science and space,” Ron Diftler told me in an interview at KSC. Diftler is NASA’s R2 project manager at JSC.

Fearsome Robonaut 2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center prepares to meet the NFL’s best players at Super Bowl XLV on Feb 6, 2011. Credit: Ken Kremer

The amazingly dexterity of the jointed arms and hands enables R2 to use exactly the same tools as the astronauts and thereby eliminates the need for constructing specialized tools for the robots –saving valuable time, money and weight.

The robot is loaded with advanced technology including an optimized overlapping dual arm dexterous workspace, series elastic joint technology, extended finger and thumb travel, miniaturized 6-axis load cells, redundant force sensing, ultra-high speed joint controllers, extreme neck travel, and high resolution camera and IR systems.

R2 weighs some 300 pounds and was manufactured from nickel-plated carbon fiber and aluminum. It is equipped with two human like arms and two hands as well as four visible light cameras that provide stereo vision with twice the resolution of high definition TV.

“With R2 we will demonstrate ground breaking and innovative robotics technology which is beyond anything else out there and that will also have real world applications as GM works to build better, smarter and safer cars,” according to Susan Smyth, GM Director of Research and Development.

“Crash avoidance technology with advanced sensors is a prime example of robonaut technology that will be integrated into GM vehicles and manufacturing processes.”

A team of engineers and scientists from NASA and GM pooled resources in a joint endeavor to create Robonaut 2, the most dexterously advanced robot in history. The NASA/GM team is pictured here at the Kennedy Space Center. R2 will fly aboard Space Shuttle Discovery with the STS-133 crew of humans and become the first humanoid robot in space.
R2 will become an official ISS crew member. Credit: Ken Kremer

Robonaut 2 flight unit poses with the NASA/GM development team inside the Space Station Processing Facility at KSC in this 360 degree panorama from nasatech.net

I was fortunate to meet R2 and the Robonaut team at KSC. R2 is incredibly life like and imposing and I’ll never forget the chance to shake hands. Although its motions, sounds, illuminated hands and muscular chest gives the unmistakable impression of standing next to a lively and powerful 300 pound gorilla, it firmly but gently grasped my hand in friendship – unlike a Terminator.

So its going to make for a mighty match up some day between the fearsome looking R2 and the NFL players.

Well apparently, R2 and Howie will be making some predictions on which player will win the MVP award and a GM Chevrolet. Stay tuned.

So come back on SUNday Feb. 6 for NASA’s release of the first ever images of our entire Sun from the STEREO twins.

Clash of the Titans - R2 and NASA robotics engineer at football practice at KSC. Credit: Ken Kremer

Space Shuttle Discovery awaits launch from Pad 39 A at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Robonaut 2 is loaded inside the Leonardo storage module which will be permanently attached to the ISS by the STS-133 crew. Credit: Ken Kremer

On Super Bowl SUNday - Feb 6, 2011 - the two NASA STEREO spacecraft
will see the entire Sun for the first time! Credit: NASA.

About 

Dr. Ken Kremer is a speaker, scientist, freelance science journalist (Princeton, NJ) and photographer whose articles, space exploration images and Mars mosaics have appeared in magazines, books, websites and calanders including Astronomy Picture of the Day, NBC, BBC, SPACE.com, Spaceflight Now and the covers of Aviation Week & Space Technology, Spaceflight and the Explorers Club magazines. Ken has presented at numerous educational institutions, civic & religious organizations, museums and astronomy clubs. Ken has reported first hand from the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral and NASA Wallops on over 40 launches including 8 shuttle launches. He lectures on both Human and Robotic spaceflight - www.kenkremer.com. Follow Ken on Facebook and Twitter

Comments on this entry are closed.

  • knealy February 6, 2011, 12:06 AM

    Is Robonaut going to throw the football? Nice tight spiral?

  • Rob Bowman February 6, 2011, 1:47 AM

    6 foot tall bags of water and minerals are better.

    R2 has no lower half, yet weighs 300lbs. IMHO this is yet another case in the world’s space program of throwing good money after bad. It will cost a mint to get him up there, in money and pollution, just so he can tool around with a Rubik cube or some such, giving engineers data they could have got in the lab.

    The space/astronaut program is now degenerate – thank goodness for Planck, Herschel, Hubble, SDO etc., drawing attention away from this zero gravity nonsense.

  • Torbjorn Larsson OM February 6, 2011, 5:25 AM

    R2 has no lower half,

    They will put him on wheels. :-D

    Seriously though, R2 admits several platforms including wheels:

    “Initially R2 will be deployed on a fixed pedestal inside the ISS. Next steps include a leg for climbing through the corridors of the Space Station, upgrades for R2 to go outside into the vacuum of space, and then future lower bodies like legs and wheels to propel the R2 across Lunar and Martian terrain. A four wheeled rover called Centaur 2 is being evaluated at the 2010 Desert Field Test in Arizona as an example of these future lower bodies for R2.”

    Lacking a specific lower part is what an engineer call “a feature”.

    yet weighs 300lbs.

    So? Did you complain 10 times as much last time, the earlier installed “no lower half robot” Dextre weighs in at 3440 lbs?

    I’ll call this an improvement!

    I also note that the awkward measure really means ~ 140 kg. An EVA astronaut weighs in at ~ 200 kg (~ 115 kg suit). An EVA R2 is nearly as light as an EVA suit (if you discount the mobility ISS arm, which both regularly uses)!

    The space/astronaut program is now degenerate

    Huh? With that logic I can cherry pick your illogically founded comment and deem the robotic program it is purporting to support as “degenerate”. (It is not of course. Better state the obvious here.)

    Rather, “hope R2 should help to motivate kids to study science and space”, is opposite degeneracy. If R2 really will be useful is another matter. But the projected main use AFAIU will be making way for the robotic support that manned or unmanned planetary bases need. Sort of like the beach head ISS provides, so it should fit nicely in the over all strategy.

    • Torbjorn Larsson OM February 6, 2011, 5:31 AM

      Of course I mean mass instead of “weigh”. Sorry, I didn’t mean to propagate the dumbosity.

  • Nephish777 February 6, 2011, 10:46 AM

    Looks like in 2013 or 2014 we will have cameras 120 degrees apart focused on the sun. We will have Stereo A & B along with SOHO. This will really show us what the sun is doing. Too bad we don’t have a stereo type mission going over the sun’s north and south poles also.

  • Olaf February 6, 2011, 1:30 PM

    I really love R2D2, but this is not a R2, more a C3.
    They might hook it on a PO walking device making it a C3PO.

  • blairj February 6, 2011, 2:26 PM

    Why was this robot built to look like a human? Robots should be designed for the tasks they need to accomplish, not what they look like. Why don’t the arms have more joints? Why does it only have two arms, rather than three or four? If the “head” has cameras for controlers on the ground or in the ISS to monitor what the robot is doing, why don’t they have the cameras on an articulating arm to be able to view from various angles or get into tight spaces?

    The only reason I can think of why this robot would be designed to look like a human is for public relations purposes.

    • Olaf February 7, 2011, 12:16 PM

      This type of robot can actually sit in a chair, car,…is more human natural. You do not lose space where an astronaut could be. It is also more natural to control such a thing.

      While this form might be overkill, the experience gained will be a lot.
      When they colonize the Moon, they might do this with robots like this, land the landers with robots. So the space that is occupied by these robots can later be reused when they use the robots for other stuff.

    • fractal February 7, 2011, 3:33 PM

      Yes you are right.

      Why is it that when people click on your name, you made sure that we are directed to a website “the costume goddess”?
      The only reason I can think of why you did that is public relation purposes.

      It’s all about the money.

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