5 Years At Mars: The Best of Mars Express

by Nancy Atkinson on November 4, 2008

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Water ice in a North Pole crater.  Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).

Water ice in a North Pole crater. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).


In December, the Mars Express spacecraft will celebrate the fifth anniversary of its arrival at Mars. In observation of this milestone the German Aerospace Center DLR has put together a collection of some of the best images from the High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), the main camera on board the spacecraft. The stunning, high resolution images this instrument has produced of Mars’ surface are nothing short of jaw dropping, and they have provided new perspectives and new discoveries about our neighboring planet. One of the iconic images from Mars Express is the image above of water ice inside a crater near Mars North Pole.

And here’s more from The Best of Mars Express:

Echus Chasma mosaic.  Credits: ESA/DLR/ FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Echus Chasma mosaic. Credits: ESA/DLR/ FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

My personal favorite is the image above of Echus Chasma, located in the Lunae Planum high plateau, north of Valles Marineris the ‘Grand Canyon’ of Mars. It doesn’t take much imagination to consider the possibility that once, gigantic water falls may have plunged over these 4,000 meter high cliffs on to the valley floor. See more of Echus Chasma here.

Here’a another of my favorites, this perspective color view of Coprates Chasma and the “Grabenkette” (a chain of depressions or rifts in Mars’ surface) Coprates Catena in an eastern section of Valles Marineris.
Coprates Chasma and the "Grabenkette" Coprates Catena in an eastern section of Valles Marineris. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).

The ability of the HRSC to provide “perspective” views — images that are not just straight down camera shots — are what sets the Mars Express mission apart from all the other orbiting spacecraft. When seen in full resolution (please, go download the biggie image here) these 3-D perspective views, are mind blowing!

In March of this year, Ian wrote about these high resolution and 3-D images from Hebes Chasma, one of the deepest canyons on Mars, so see more images there, along with links to additional images and information.

Hebes Chasma Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).

Hebes Chasma Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).


The HRSC is imaging the entire planet in full color, 3-D and with a resolution of about 10 meters. Selected areas will be imaged at two-meter resolution. One of the camera’s greatest strengths is he unprecedented pointing accuracy achieved by combining images at the two different resolutions. Another is its ability for 3-D imaging which reveals the topography of Mars in full color.

Mars North Pole.  Credit: ESA/DLR FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Mars North Pole. Credit: ESA/DLR FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Here’s another look at Mars north arctic region, with water ice visible in Chasma Boreale.

Below is a view of Aureum Chaos, located in the eastern part of Valles Marineris. This “chaotic” landscape is dominated by randomly oriented, large-scale mesas and knobs that are heavily eroded. These mesas range from a few kilometres to tens of kilometers wide.

Perspective colour view of Aureum Chaos, northerly direction.   Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).

Perspective colour view of Aureum Chaos, northerly direction. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).


For a little more history on Mars Express, the spacecraft was launched on June 2, 2003 from Baikonur Cosmodrome on a Soyuz-Fregat rocket. The goal of Mars Express is to search for water and the possibility of Martian life. Mars Express is a European Space Agency (ESA) mission to the Red Planet involving a consortium of countries (primarily France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Spain, and the United States). The mission consisted of the orbiter and the Beagle lander, which unfortunately crash landed on Christmas Day 2003. Mars Express is currently in its second mission extension, which goes until May 2009.
Phobos from Mars Express.  Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).

Phobos from Mars Express. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum).


And finally, Mars Express not only takes images the surface of the Red Planet, but also of Mars’ moon Phobos. On July 23 of this year, the spacecraft flew only 93 kilometers from Mars’ moon Phobos, and took the most detailed images ever of the small, irregular moon. Read more about the flyby here.

That’s just a taste of all the wonderful images taken in the last five years by Mars Express. Check out more images at the DLR site.

Source: DLR

About 

Nancy Atkinson is Universe Today's Senior Editor. She also works with Astronomy Cast, and is a NASA/JPL Solar System Ambassador.

LLDIAZ November 4, 2008 at 10:58 AM

Just like on Earth if your looking for life that existed before you, you dig and dig deep. If there’s something to be found you’ll find it beneath the soil. Not by taking pictures from a telescope orbiting from space…

Fst November 4, 2008 at 9:43 AM

I’m speachless… when they’ll start to sell tickets to Mars?

Fst November 4, 2008 at 11:24 AM

But where do you begin digging? You want to go and dig random spots in the planet? Terrain reconnaissance is a prerequisite for that.

Yael Dragwyla November 4, 2008 at 11:43 PM

LLDIAZ — if you want to sell Mars to the public, your best shot is to show people color photos like these. Best draw interplanetary exploration & colonization ever had! :-D

Sakib November 5, 2008 at 3:22 AM

The MRS pictures are truly stunning, I love the one of Stickney Crater!

Mags November 5, 2008 at 7:46 AM

WOW !!

judi November 5, 2008 at 8:31 AM

they are amazing. thank you

surf November 5, 2008 at 9:53 AM

Nice post. posted this link in http://www.surfurls.com.Its a social bookmarking site.

marcellus November 6, 2008 at 8:21 AM

This is the kind of thing I love seeing on Universe Today.

It’s almost as good as being there!

jomark osabel November 8, 2008 at 3:20 AM

Amazing and breathtaking pics of Mars. Thanks.

Scrubbie ? November 7, 2008 at 9:56 PM

Those pictures are absolutley amazing. And the 3D one is incredible. I am truly blown away. My favorites are of the water ice in the North Pole crater and Echus Chasma mosaic. They’re fantastic. And extremely interesting.

J. Richard Pratt, Ph.D. November 12, 2008 at 11:36 PM

Your ad, this page for a DVD, “The God Who Wasn’t There” is most offensive. Its place next to these beautiful photos of Mars SUCKS! Please take it off.

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