Final Construction Starts for Europe’s 2016 Methane Sniffing Mars Mission

by Ken Kremer on June 18, 2013

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The European/Russian ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) will launch in 2016 and sniff the Martian atmosphere for signs of methane which could originate for either biological or geological mechanisms. Credit: ESA

The European/Russian ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) will launch in 2016 and sniff the Martian atmosphere for signs of methane which could originate by either biological or geological mechanisms. Credit: ESA

Has life ever existed on Mars? Or anywhere beyond Earth?

Answering that question is one of the most profound scientific inquiries of our time.

Europe and Russia have teamed up for a bold venture named ExoMars that’s set to blast off in search of Martian life in about two and a half years.

Determining if life ever originated on the Red Planet is the primary goal of the audacious two pronged ExoMars missions set to launch in 2016 & 2018 in a partnership between the European and Russian space agencies, ESA and Roscosmos.

In a major milestone announced today (June 17) at the Paris Air Show, ESA signed the implementing contract with Thales Alenia Space, the industrial prime contractor, to start the final construction phase for the 2016 Mars mission.

“The award of this contract provides continuity to the work of the industrial team members of Thales Alenia Space on this complex mission, and will ensure that it remains on track for launch in January 2016,” noted Alvaro Giménez, ESA’s Director of Science and Robotic Exploration.

ExoMars 2016 Mission to the Red Planet.  It consists of two spacecraft -  the Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) which will land.  Credit: ESA

ExoMars 2016 Mission to the Red Planet. It consists of two spacecraft – the Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) which will land. Credit: ESA

The ambitious 2016 ExoMars mission comprises of both an orbiter and a lander- namely the methane sniffing Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and the piggybacked Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM).

ExoMars 2016 will be Europe’s first spacecraft dispatched to the Red Planet since the 2003 blast off of the phenomenally successful Mars Express mission – which just celebrated its 10th anniversary since launch.

Methane (CH4) gas is the simplest organic molecule and very low levels have reportedly been detected in the thin Martian atmosphere. But the data are not certain and its origin is not clear cut.

Methane could be a marker either for active living organisms today or it could originate from non life geologic processes. On Earth more than 90% of the methane originates from biological sources.

The ExoMars 2016 orbiter will investigate the source and precisely measure the quantity of the methane.

The 2016 lander will carry an international suite of science instruments and test European landing technologies for the 2nd ExoMars mission slated for 2018.

The 2016 ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter will carry and deploy the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module to the surface of Mars. Credit: ESA-AOES Medialab

The 2016 ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter will carry and deploy the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module to the surface of Mars. Credit: ESA-AOES Medialab

The 2018 ExoMars mission will deliver an advanced rover to the Red Planet’s surface. It is equipped with the first ever deep driller that can collect samples to depths of 2 meters where the environment is shielded from the harsh conditions on the surface – namely the constant bombardment of cosmic radiation and the presence of strong oxidants like perchlorates that can destroy organic molecules.

ExoMars was originally a joint NASA/ESA project until hefty cuts to NASA’s budget by Washington DC politicians forced NASA to terminate the agencies involvement after several years of detailed work.

Elements of the ExoMars program 2016-2018.  Credit: ESA

Elements of the ExoMars program 2016-2018. Credit: ESA

Thereafter Russia agreed to take NASA’s place and provide the much needed funding and rockets for the pair of planetary launches scheduled for January 2016 and May 2018.

NASA does not have the funds to launch another Mars rover until 2020 at the earliest – and continuing budget cuts threaten even the 2020 launch date.

NASA will still have a small role in the ExoMars project by funding several science instruments.

The ExoMars missions along with NASA’s ongoing Curiosity and Opportunity Mars rovers will pave the way for Mars Sample Return missions in the 2020’s and eventual Humans voyages to the Red Planet in the 2030’s.

And don’t forget to “Send Your Name to Mars” aboard NASA’s MAVEN orbiter- details here. Deadline: July 1, 2013

Ken Kremer

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Learn more about Mars, Curiosity, Opportunity, MAVEN, LADEE and NASA missions at Ken’s upcoming lecture presentations

June 23: “Send your Name to Mars on MAVEN” and “CIBER Astro Sat, LADEE Lunar & Antares Rocket Launches from Virginia”; Rodeway Inn, Chincoteague, VA, 8 PM

About 

Dr. Ken Kremer is a speaker, scientist, freelance science journalist (Princeton, NJ) and photographer whose articles, space exploration images and Mars mosaics have appeared in magazines, books, websites and calanders including Astronomy Picture of the Day, NBC, BBC, SPACE.com, Spaceflight Now and the covers of Aviation Week & Space Technology, Spaceflight and the Explorers Club magazines. Ken has presented at numerous educational institutions, civic & religious organizations, museums and astronomy clubs. Ken has reported first hand from the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral and NASA Wallops on over 40 launches including 8 shuttle launches. He lectures on both Human and Robotic spaceflight - www.kenkremer.com

Aqua4U June 18, 2013 at 2:51 PM

Thanks for the update Ken! For those of us interested in astronomy and space exploration this is really great news. For small minded misanthropes these and similar activities are simply a waste of ‘money’. In fact, it sometimes appears there has been a concerted effort to keep humanity from reaching for the stars. Now who would do that?

???????? ???????????? June 18, 2013 at 8:19 PM

It would be people with brains smaller than the dinosaurs’s.

Ken Kremer June 18, 2013 at 8:56 PM

excellent insight

Raimo Kangasniemi June 18, 2013 at 3:44 PM

Originally ExoMars was a purely European project, with a significantly more important stationary lander added. Then US came along and a Spirit/Opportunity -type rover was added to be launched with ExoMars in 2018, until US walked out of the program.

Originally ExoMars was to be launched around 2009, if I recall correctly.

Torbjörn Larsson June 18, 2013 at 4:46 PM

Methane could be a marker either for active living organisms today or it could originate from non life geologic processes.

It has been said many times before, but bear reminding: any of the geological pathways that produce abiotic methane increases the likelihood for a refugia biosphere in the crust.

- Production by volcanism, which means an active core.

- Production by serpentinization, which means an active hydrothermal process.

In both cases it means sources for energy, organics and zones, however minute, with liquid water.

So it is neat if earlier methane observations can be asserted. Even neater if spectroscopy can see whether most methane is biogenic (a carbon isotope ratio tending towards light carbon) or abiogenic.

Mpj June 21, 2013 at 9:23 AM

To make a long story short (and entertaining) watch this video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z4luNSrGHh0 :)

Grimbold June 18, 2013 at 11:47 PM

Does the 2018 one include an orbiter, or is it just a surface delivery system?

M Peter Selman June 19, 2013 at 12:17 AM

Just a lander carrying a rover.

Grimbold June 19, 2013 at 2:16 AM

Thanks!

Claw Roofing June 26, 2013 at 5:04 PM

Yes! Love that there are more missions to Mars.

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