Circumference and Diameter of the Earth

by Fraser Cain on June 23, 2010

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Circumference and Diameter of the Earth

This view of Earth comes from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer aboard the Terra satellite.


The Earth is the largest of the terrestrial planets in the Solar System, and the 3rd planet from the Sun. Are you looking for the circumference and diameter of the Earth?

The equatorial circumference of the Earth is 40,075 km. This is the distance around the equator of the Earth. If you measure the circumference of the Earth, while passing through the poles, the distance is only 40,007 km. This is because the Earth isn’t a perfect sphere. It’s rotating rapidly, which causes the equator to bulge out.

The equatorial diameter of the Earth is 12,756 km. This is the diameter of the Earth measured from one side of the Earth, passing through the center. If you go from pole to pole through the center, the distance is only 12,713 km.

We have written several articles about Earth for Universe Today. Here’s an article about the Earth’s magnetic field, and here’s an article about the surface area of Earth.

If you’d like more info on Earth, check out NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide on Earth. And here’s a link to NASA’s Earth Observatory.

We’ve also recorded an episode of Astronomy Cast all about planet Earth. Listen here, Episode 51: Earth.

About 

Fraser Cain is the publisher of Universe Today. He's also the co-host of Astronomy Cast with Dr. Pamela Gay.

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