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Venus Fact Sheet

Venus Fact Sheet

Venus captured by Magellan.

The following Venus fact sheet is based on NASA’s excellent planetary fact sheets. Venus is the 2nd planet from the Sun, and very similar size to Earth.

Mass: 4.8685 x 1024 kg
Volume: 92.843 x 1010 km3
Average radius: 6051.8 km
Average diameter: 12103.6 km
Mean density: 5.243 g/cm3
Escape velocity: 10.36 km/s
Surface gravity: 8.87 m/s2
Visual magnitude: -4.40
Natural satellites: 0
Rings? – No
Semimajor axis: 108,210,000 km
Orbit period: 224.701 days
Perihelion: 107,480,000 km
Aphelion: 108,940,000 km
Mean orbital velocity: 35.02 km/s
Maximum orbital velocity: 35.26 km/s
Minimum orbital velocity: 34.79 km/s
Orbit inclination: 3.39°
Orbit eccentricity: 0.0067
Sidereal rotation period: 5832.5 hours
Length of day: 2802.0 hours
Discovery: Known since prehistoric times
Minimum distance from Earth: 38,200,000 km
Maximum distance from Earth: 261,000,000 km
Maximum apparent diameter from Earth: 66.0 arc seconds
Minimum apparent diameter from Earth: 9.7 arc seconds
Maximum visual magnitude: -4.6

We’ve written many articles about Venus for Universe Today. Here’s an article about sending a solar-powered aircraft to Venus, and here’s an article about a rare molecule found on Venus.

If you’d like more info on Venus, check out Hubblesite’s News Releases about Venus, and here’s a link to NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide on Venus.

We’ve also recorded an entire episode of Astronomy Cast just about Venus. Listen here, Episode 50: Venus.


Fraser Cain is the publisher of Universe Today. He's also the co-host of Astronomy Cast with Dr. Pamela Gay.

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