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The following Venus fact sheet is based on NASA’s excellent planetary fact sheets. Venus is the 2nd planet from the Sun, and very similar size to Earth.

Mass: 4.8685 x 10^{24} kg
Volume: 92.843 x 10^{10} km^{3}
Average radius: 6051.8 km
Average diameter: 12103.6 km
Mean density: 5.243 g/cm^{3}
Escape velocity: 10.36 km/s
Surface gravity: 8.87 m/s^{2}
Visual magnitude: -4.40
Natural satellites: 0
Rings? – No
Semimajor axis: 108,210,000 km
Orbit period: 224.701 days
Perihelion: 107,480,000 km
Aphelion: 108,940,000 km
Mean orbital velocity: 35.02 km/s
Maximum orbital velocity: 35.26 km/s
Minimum orbital velocity: 34.79 km/s
Orbit inclination: 3.39°
Orbit eccentricity: 0.0067
Sidereal rotation period: 5832.5 hours
Length of day: 2802.0 hours
Discovery: Known since prehistoric times
Minimum distance from Earth: 38,200,000 km
Maximum distance from Earth: 261,000,000 km
Maximum apparent diameter from Earth: 66.0 arc seconds
Minimum apparent diameter from Earth: 9.7 arc seconds
Maximum visual magnitude: -4.6

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